Social Impact, Inc. Corporate Office, 2011, Empowering Municipalities Through Local Economic Development (EMLED)
2.1 ENABLING ENVIRONMENT
2.1.7 Institution and capacity strengthening on IE
RECOMMENDATION: 3. Encourage the establishment of local level (municipal, district) committees for citizens, the private sector and municipalities to engage in dialogue and collaborate on local economic development initiatives.
Reference: Social Impact, Inc. Corporate Office, 2011, Empowering Municipalities Through Local Economic Development (EMLED)
The evaluation concluded that formation of local economic development committees at the individual municipality level is more effective than the cluster of municipalities found at the level of Local Economic Development Committee (LEDCs) or Municipal Development Committee (MDCs) for creating space for citizens. The private sector and municipalities engage in dialogue and collaborate on local economic development initiatives. The main reason is that at cluster level there were not representatives of each municipality so their voices were not all heard. For the MDCs, though they are responsible for the outcomes of local economic development plans (LEDPs) municipal election turnover and other reasons caused substantial delays.
Both Empowering Municipalities through Local Economic Development (EMLED) and Municipal Capacity Building and Service Delivery Program (TAMKIN) established Local Economic Development Committees as mechanisms for cooperation and collaboration among the municipality, citizens and the private sector. The Municipal Development Committees established by TAMKIN and the Local Economic Development Committees formed by EMLED provide a space and platform for community representatives and municipalities to engage in a dialogue on local economic development needs. This dialogue includes discussions on the needs of the community, prioritization, identification and selection of projects for implementation.
2.1 ENABLING ENVIRONMENT
2.1.9 Value Chains and adding value to value chain components
RECOMMENDATION: 5. When supporting projects that include value chain enhancement, consider the impact of the development of the value chain on a wider range of the community members as opposed to primarily on business owners.
Reference: Social Impact, Inc. Corporate Office, 2011, Empowering Municipalities Through Local Economic Development (EMLED) & Municipal Capacity Building And Service Delivery Program (TAMKIN) Program Evaluation (Lebanon), Midterm or interim evaluation, USAID, Washington DC.
Evidence sample: the evaluation found that both project components promoted public-private partnerships (PPP) for local economic development. However, while some PPPs provided benefits to a wider range of the community (e.g., a milk collection centre), others are limited in scope and the benefits accrue mostly to the business owners (e.g., snack bars and restaurants for tourists directly benefit the restaurateurs only).
The project staff defined PPP as any collaboration between municipalities and the private sector for the provision of (a) direct financial contribution; (b) in- kind contribution; (c) public incentives for private investment; and (d) public provision of services or technical support on projects run by the private sector. The private sector could be any business, including individual entrepreneurs, local or foreign companies, community-based organization (CBOs) or other for-profit entities.