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Independent evaluation of the ILO's strategy to promote decent work in the Arab region

2.1 ENABLING ENVIRONMENT

2.1.7 Institution and capacity strengthening on IE

Recommendation2. Ensure that projects include systematic approaches to clearly identify the desired capacity strengthening outputs and outcomes on the IE.

Reference: Thakur, Mini; Pandey, Brajesh; Trikha, Divya; Kumar, Poorvaja, 2013, Independent evaluation of the ILO's strategy to promote decent work in the Arab region: a cluster evaluation of Jordan, Lebanon and the Occupied Palestine Territory: 2008-2012, Meta-analysis of evaluations, ILO, Geneva

Evidence sample: The evaluation identified the need for clear indicators of progress on integration of constituents’ capacity building.

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2.1.7 Institution and capacity strengthening on IE

Recommendation: 3. Promote the establishment of close working relations with institutional stakeholders who work on IE issues and related social inclusion at all levels. Strengthen them and provide them with tools and products to enable quality implementation.  Specifically ensure advocacy and technical support for local level governance of project actions.

Reference: Thakur, Mini; Pandey, Brajesh; Trikha, Divya; Kumar, Poorvaja, 2013, Independent evaluation of the ILO's strategy to promote decent work in the Arab region: a cluster evaluation of Jordan, Lebanon and the Occupied Palestine Territory: 2008-2012, Meta-analysis of evaluations, ILO, Geneva.

Evidence sample: the evaluation found that close working relations with constituents, the strengthening of national institutions, and the integration of ILO tools and products into national institutions have contributed to positioning decent work concepts among constituents and communities.

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2.1.11 Coordination and sustainability planning

Recommendation: 4. Consider seconding experts to relevant government offices for a period of time to strengthen their institutional capacities on IE issues.

Reference: Thakur, Mini; Pandey, Brajesh; Trikha, Divya; Kumar, Poorvaja, 2013, Independent evaluation of the ILO's strategy to promote decent work in the Arab region: a cluster evaluation of Jordan, Lebanon and the Occupied Palestine Territory: 2008-2012, Meta-analysis of evaluations, ILO, Geneva.

Evidence sample: the evaluation noted that in one of the countries, Jordan, joint planning meetings are being organized to improve coordination. In the same project but in Lebanon, a specialist was assigned to the Ministry of Labour to assist with coordination and implementation time management. This reiterates the importance of regular meetings to ensure coordination, complementarity and continuity post-project.

Evaluation Findings indicated that, in Lebanon, seconding a consultant to the Ministry of Labour had enhanced not only coordination but also time management.

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2.1.11 Coordination and sustainability planning

Recommendation: 11. Include focus in project design on dissemination of results and use existing project stakeholder entities to channel actions in various parts of the country.

Reference: Thakur, Mini; Pandey, Brajesh; Trikha, Divya; Kumar, Poorvaja, 2013, Independent evaluation of the ILO's strategy to promote decent work in the Arab region: a cluster evaluation of Jordan, Lebanon and the Occupied Palestine Territory: 2008-2012, Meta-analysis of evaluations, ILO, Geneva.

Evidence sample: greater public awareness and dissemination of results in order to enhance the outreach of the services strengthened by the projects, and to leverage resources.

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2.2 DECENT WORK AND ENTREPRISES GROWTH

2.2.1 Promotion and implementation of decent work

Recommendation: 1. Promote and participate in the development of country decent work strategies with regard to people dependent on the IE and ensure that they are not too theoretical.

Reference: Thakur, Mini; Pandey, Brajesh; Trikha, Divya; Kumar, Poorvaja, 2013, Independent evaluation of the ILO's strategy to promote decent work in the Arab region: a cluster evaluation of Jordan, Lebanon and the Occupied Palestine Territory: 2008-2012, Meta-analysis of evaluations, ILO, Geneva.

Evidence sample: The evaluation determined that having a decent work strategy is important to position the ILO’s mandate within national contexts, and to clearly articulate the needs and expectations of constituent partners.

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2.4 APPROACHES TO ENHANCE LIVELIHOODS, EQUITY AND INCLUSION

2.4.1 Social dialogue and IE

Recommendation: 1) Promote and facilitate social dialogue between a range of stakeholders as this contributes to appropriate content, capacity strengthening through knowledge sharing, speedier decision-making and ownership.   Dialogue may include rural/or community members, local/regional/national government, civil society and academia representatives, workers and employers organisations.

Reference: Thakur, Mini; Pandey, Brajesh; Trikha, Divya; Kumar, Poorvaja, 2013, Independent evaluation of the ILO's strategy to promote decent work in the Arab region: a cluster evaluation of Jordan, Lebanon and the Occupied Palestine Territory: 2008-2012, Meta-analysis of evaluations, ILO, Geneva.

Evidence sample: in countries where political stability is a challenge, the focus on policy and legislative reforms with tripartite involvement contributes to sustained results.

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2.4 APPROACHES TO ENHANCE LIVELIHOODS, EQUITY AND INCLUSION

2.4.1 Social dialogue and IE

Recommendation: 5) Pay special attention to promoting joint strategic collaboration between social partners in low-resource settings as it helps to convert competition into collaboration.

Reference: Thakur, Mini; Pandey, Brajesh; Trikha, Divya; Kumar, Poorvaja, 2013, Independent evaluation of the ILO's strategy to promote decent work in the Arab region: a cluster evaluation of Jordan, Lebanon and the Occupied Palestine Territory: 2008-2012, Meta-analysis of evaluations, ILO, Geneva.

Evidence sample: the evaluation noted that strategic collaboration with social partners in areas of common interest is necessary to leverage strengths and outreach. In other words, converting competition into collaboration is the way forward in low-resource settings.

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2.4 APPROACHES TO ENHANCE LIVELIHOODS, EQUITY AND INCLUSION

2.4.5. Strengthening IE with attention to gender issues

Recommendation: 3) Use gender audit tools such as the Service Quality Check for Supporting Female and Male Operated Small Enterprises to determine if the organisation providing effective support to people dependent on the informal economy and small enterprises. The tool permits the organisation to identify for improvement in the way in which an organization reaches out to and serves both women and men. Consult – WEAI Training Materials:

http://www.ilo.ch/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/---emp_ent/---ifp_seed/documents/instructionalmaterial/wcms_248595

Reference: Thakur, Mini; Pandey, Brajesh; Trikha, Divya; Kumar, Poorvaja, 2013, Independent evaluation of the ILO's strategy to promote decent work in the Arab region: a cluster evaluation of Jordan, Lebanon and the Occupied Palestine Territory: 2008-2012, Meta-analysis of evaluations, ILO, Geneva.

Evidence sample: the evaluation determined that the ILO’s Gender Audit tool, which was much appreciated by the Ministry of Women’s Affairs.

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2.4 APPROACHES TO ENHANCE LIVELIHOODS, EQUITY AND INCLUSION

2.4.5. Strengthening IE with attention to gender issues

Recommendation: 6) In projects for and with women entrepreneurs, including those operating in the IE, include:

  • Working with government, employers and workers organisation and other from civil society organisations
  • Strengthen the capacities of business development service providers including attention to how they can better support women entrepreneurs
  • Support cooperatives.

Reference: Thakur, Mini; Pandey, Brajesh; Trikha, Divya; Kumar, Poorvaja, 2013, Independent evaluation of the ILO's strategy to promote decent work in the Arab region: a cluster evaluation of Jordan, Lebanon and the Occupied Palestine Territory: 2008-2012, Meta-analysis of evaluations, ILO, Geneva.

Evidence sample: the evaluation found that the ILO’s role in the Joint Programme on Gender Equality and Women ́s Empowerment in the occupied Palestinian territory was notable. Constituents appreciated the ILO’s work in: promoting gender equality with the tripartite partners by increasing the influence of gender advocates and workers’ and employers’ organisations in decision-making and planning; building the capacities of business development service providers to better mainstream and upstream gender equality considerations for women entrepreneurs; supporting cooperatives to better service low-income women through the provision and management of an integrated grant scheme; and developing and implementing training programmes for women in key areas that are increasingly in demand in the labour market.

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Alessio Lupi
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22 May 2018

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