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Barca, Valentina; Riemenschneider, Nils, 2012, Livelihoods and Food Security Trust Fund – DELTA 1 Evaluation Report, Final evaluation, Multi Donor Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund (LIFT), Myanmar.

2.3 DIRECT ACTIONS IN COMMUNITIES

2.3.2 Entrepreneurship: Capacity strengthening on economic activities

Recommendation: 3. Share training model for people dependent on the IE with relevant local training authorities for wider replication.

Reference: Barca, Valentina; Riemenschneider, Nils, 2012, Livelihoods and Food Security Trust Fund – DELTA 1 Evaluation Report, Final evaluation, Multi Donor Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund (LIFT), Myanmar.

Evidence sample: The evaluation noted that training including on book-keeping and business management were useful components added to skills training.

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2.3 DIRECT ACTIONS IN COMMUNITIES

2.3.2 Entrepreneurship: Capacity strengthening on economic activities

Recommendation: 25. Ensure that the types of support provided are well adapted to the context of the community members’ needs and available market. Take into account that capacity strengthening of IE operators may not be the main need of community members but rather that support may be needed to address issues such as market access, the quality of packaging and products, the price of raw materials and the low prices received for products sold. Ensure that the products being developed with community members correspond to the local market desires.

Reference: Barca, Valentina; Riemenschneider, Nils, 2012, Livelihoods and Food Security Trust Fund – DELTA 1 Evaluation Report, Final evaluation, Multi Donor Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund (LIFT), Myanmar.

Evidence sample: The evaluation concluded that the provision of small livestock, home gardening kits, boats and nets, and support for other income-generating activities (IGAs) and the cash-for-work (CfW) programmes had mixed success. This was partially linked to inadequate targeting of beneficiaries, but also to procurement problems and systemic risks such as livestock disease.
Small livestock and home gardening inputs and training were often provided to households with no access to land. In areas where this was happening, several households interviewed ended up selling their assets and others were pushed further away from their village to sea in order to provide an income for their households.
Some income generating activities  did not address a local demand, and were therefore of little success (e.g. high-cost snack training in one village).
The quality of the products or service were not always as good as those also available on the market and as a result the income earned was often low.

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2.3 Direct actions in communities

2.3.5 Micro finance

Recommendation18. Find innovative ways to increase the potential of small loans, such as encouraging borrowers to share what they receive for the development of local cooperatives. By doing so, borrowers may enhance and share their income with their community, narrowing the likelihood of large individual losses at the same time. Consider options such as stocking rice or other commodities to form a form of saving safety net for community members where this may be appropriate. That is, not all savings needs to be in the form of money, especially when working with the poorest.

Reference: Barca, Valentina; Riemenschneider, Nils, 2012, Livelihoods and Food Security Trust Fund – DELTA 1 Evaluation Report, Final evaluation, Multi Donor Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund (LIFT), Myanmar

Evidence sample: Rice banks were considered an extremely useful safety net for the poorest (the one observed was still functioning and widely used).

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2.3 DIRECT ACTIONS IN COMMUNITIES

2.3.6. Vocational education/skills training

Recommendation: 14) Promote use of locally available resources, building on already known techniques, and training on non time-consuming skills. (This should not be to the exclusion of innovative products and services if there is a market for them).

Reference: Barca, Valentina; Riemenschneider, Nils, 2012, Livelihoods and Food Security Trust Fund – DELTA 1 Evaluation Report, Final evaluation, Multi Donor Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund (LIFT), Myanmar

Evidence sample: the products were useful for own use and save the trainees money as a result but a linked lesson learned indicated that in some instances trainees found it difficult to procure inputs locally, found limited local market for their products and had difficulties competing with low priced Chinese products.

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Valentina Corbucci
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19 June 2018

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