RESET: Linking EU’s humanitarian and development interventions in the context of resilience building: the case of Ethiopia (February 2016)
The EU REsilience building programme in EThiopia (RESET) is an innovative approach tackling chronic humanitarian and long-term needs and recurrent food insecurity. It aims to build the resilience and expand the coping capacities of the most vulnerable populations in specifically selected areas (clusters of woredas), which are highly drought prone and food insecure. It is a multifaceted programme transcending sectorial boundaries that creates bridges and synergies between humanitarian and development partners and actions beyond the LRRD approach.
A first phase (2012-2017) of the RESET programme “Resilience Building in Ethiopia” was jointly contracted and funded by DEVCO and ECHO. A second phase will cover the period of 2016-2020 and will be channelled (47 million euros) through the EU Trust Fund for Africa. It includes the support of the Dutch and Austrian Cooperation agencies in Ethiopia and an enhanced partnership with the Government of Ethiopia.
The concept of RESET for building resilience is based on 4 cornerstones:
- Improved basic services: nutrition, health, WASH, education, etc.
- Livelihoods support: agriculture and livestock, diversification of livelihoods
- Safety nets for the most chronically vulnerable groups
- Disaster Risk Management (DRM), preparedness to shocks.
The Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) can be considered as the main programme contributing to resilience in Ethiopia. It provides one of the cornerstones of the approach (safety net) and in its new version (PSNP IV) it also includes a livelihoods component. Therefore, there is a strong link between RESET II and PSNP IV. The RESET programme will actively support graduation from PSNP in its areas of intervention.
Moreover, RESET provides to the targeted highly vulnerable communities a broader set of interventions than PSNP. The package of interventions gives a special emphasis on the poorest and most vulnerable households in the communities by providing them a comprehensive package to empower them and tackle the economic and social determinant of their vulnerability. RESET works as well at community level favouring community ownership and management and the set up of Disaster Risk management activities.
Activities are mainly implemented by consortia of NGOs offering an integrated approach across sectors and benefiting from the different expertise. The partnership with the local authorities is an essential part of the approach as well as the coordination with UN agencies or other partners intervening in the area. RESET should also inform future programming on resilience within Ethiopia and elsewhere. For that reason, the learning and M&E components are enhanced in RESET II.
In conclusion: RESET proposes a concrete, operational, sustainable and bottom-up solution to the concept of resilience building in Ethiopia.