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Hygiene and Sanitation Software - An overview of Approaches

This document describes the various hygiene and sanitation ‘software’ approaches that have been deployed over the last 40 years by NGOs, development agencies, national and local governments in all types of settings – urban, informal-urban and rural.

There are many different software approaches and there is often confusion over for example, what a particular approach is designed to achieve, what it comprises, when and where it should be used, how it should be implemented or how much it costs. There is currently no reference material that explains the different approaches available or helps practitioners decide which one would be best to use for a particular situation. Moreover, the many ‘acronyms’ and ‘brand names’ in use frequently mean different things to different people.

Therefore, the purposes of this document are to clarify some of the confusion in the sector about the terminology and language used and provides a ‘ready reference’ or introduction to some of the more commonly-used approaches. It is intended to be used as a resource tool by both a newcomer to the subject and by the more experienced practitioner who wishes to gain knowledge of other approaches with which he or she is not familiar.

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Antoine Saintraint
9 June 2015

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