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1.1 History and track records of decentralisation reforms

Page created by
Jorge Rodriguez Bilbao3 April 2017

Over the last 3 decades of decentralisation reforms worldwide, generic lessons have been learnt:

  • Decentralisation is driven by politics and not by development objectives.
  • There is no empirical evidence of a link between decentralisation and development.
  • A democratic foundation is important for a development friendly decentralisation process.
  • Uneven development and territorial imbalances are a frequent risk off national development policies.
  • A top down decentralisation reform dynamics is not enough. Bottom up dynamics and intergovernmental system for cooperation between different territorial layers are crucial.



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