Gender-based violence and discrimination
The definition of violence against women is based on the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women:
"the term 'violence against women' means any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life".
"The EU states that the obstacles to exercising their socio-economic and political rights increase women's exposure to violence". (Source: "EU guidelines on violence against women and girls and combating all forms of discrimination against them")
2. Practical examples of implementation
3. EU Policy documents on this issue
Recommendation Rec(2002) of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on the protection of women against violence adopted on 30 April 2002 and Explanatory Memorandum
Peru, March/April 2009 - The Delegation of the European Commission to Peru actively joined the International Women’s Day in Peru with the motto «Women and men united to end violence against women and girls», and supported the Campaign of the United Nations to end violence against women.
Ambassador Antonio Cardoso, Head of the Delegation in Peru, called on all directors of EC projects in Peru and the Andean region to encourage awareness-raising activities that contribute to the prevention and eradication of violence against women. Additionally, the Delegation widely distributed the EU guidelines to combat violence against women and girls.
The rates of domestic violence in Peru have not changed since 2000. There are 42% women who at least once were physically attacked by their husbands or partners. Each year around one million and a half of Peruvian women suffer physical violence, whereas the number of feminicides has increased in the past years.
In March 2009, the Government of Peru created the first National Register of gender crime. The creation of this register will help their identification, but only if it is accompanied with proper capacity building initiatives aimed to the law enforcement agents. The government has recently launched the new National Plan against Violence towards Women 2009-2015. It involves all the Ministries, local and regional governments, proposing clear tasks, indicators and periods of achievement.
The EC supports Human Rights projects to attend victims of gender based violence and to build capacity and advocacy networks aimed at prevention of violence against women and girls and contributes to the implementation of the recommendations of CEDAW to prevent violence, punish offenders and provide services to victims.