The United States, the European Union and Australia are large producers and consumers of timber and timber products. In recent years these consumer countries have taken steps to combat trade in illegally harvested timber and timber products more effectively.
On 30 September 2013, representatives from the Government of Indonesia and the European Union (EU) marked their mutual commitment to ensuring that timber entering the EU is produced legally. They signed a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) at a ceremony in Brussels.
Working together to strengthen legally verified timber exports from Côte d’Ivoire to the European Union, negotiations for a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) between the two parties began Monday 17 June in Abidjan.