The United States, the European Union and Australia are large producers and consumers of timber and timber products. In recent years these consumer countries have taken steps to combat trade in illegally harvested timber and timber products more effectively.
The 21st Illegal Logging Stakeholder Consultation and Update Meeting was held at Chatham House on 7 and 8 February 2013, bringing together around 250 representatives from government, civil society and the private sector.
On 30 September 2013, representatives from the Government of Indonesia and the European Union (EU) marked their mutual commitment to ensuring that timber entering the EU is produced legally. They signed a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) at a ceremony in Brussels.