Other related tools
Environmental Audits are used to verify the compliance of a project or facility with environmental requirements. They can be used to review compliance with environmental legislation and standards, environmental management systems, environmental management plans, or any other set benchmarks.
Environmental management systems
Environmental management systems (EMS) are voluntary and certifiable schemes that can be implemented by any organisation to evaluate, report and improve their environmental performance. The most widely recognised international EMS is ISO 14001:2015 and the European Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS), although various EMS exist at national level.
Other impact assessment tools
Other impact assessment tools may be used in conjunction with environmental assessment tools, or in specific circumstances be a substitute for them. Useful links to some of these tools are provided below.
Health Impact Assessment
Social Impact Assessment
Vanclay, F., Esteves, A.M., Aucamp, I. & Franks, D. 2015. Social Impact Assessment: Guidance for assessing and managing the social impacts of projects. Fargo ND: International Association for Impact Assessment
Social and Environmental Assessment
Social and environmental assessment procedures combine SIA and EIA in a single procedure.
Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment
Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment (SIA) is a process undertaken during trade negotiations which seeks to contribute to sound, evidence-based and transparent trade negotiations by assessing the potential economic, social and environmental impacts of a trade agreement. The SIA feeds into and steer the negotiations, assessing the changes that are likely to be caused by the trade agreement, helping to identify possible trade-offs, and ensuring that the related policy choices are optimised.
- Handbook for trade sustainability impact assessment. 2nd edition (April, 2016)
- Guidelines on the analysis of human rights impact in impact assessments of trade-related policy initiatives
- Better Regulation Guidelines.
More information on: Sustainability Impact Assessment, EC, Trade Website