Angola has made important progresses in the last decade with a high growth rate. Progress in human development is however limited. The cooperation between European Union and Angola, defined in the National Indicative Programme will be focus on three sectors: agriculture sector, water and education. The programme is in line with the national strategy “Angola 2025” and the National Development Plan 2013-2017 (PT)
The degradation of Angola’s natural resources has become a matter of concern. The main causes are attributed to unsustainable agricultural practices. This has an important negative impact on agricultural productivity and, as a result, on food security and rural livelihoods. The forest area represents an important part of the country’s area and is also suffering from unsustainable use. These areas are crucial for the environmental balance and are rich in biodiversity, they require protection. Economic potentials remain untapped but need to be sustainably managed.
Concerning climate change, the country is vulnerable to floods and droughts. UNDP estimates that heavy events will occur more regularly during the next half century. Improving resilience in is considered as a crucial issue for the government.
Two focal sectors of the cooperation are directly concerned by environmental issues. The programme will promote a sustainable agriculture by enhancing resilience and adoption of improved climate smart technologies. Adaptation to disaster will also be prepared to ensure food security in a context of climate change. Most of the land of Angola is prone to low level of rain and frequent droughts.
Many diseases are caused by poor utilization of potable water and sanitation. Only 42% of the population has sustainable access to drinking water sources. Droughts and floods are causing troubles for the population in term of water availability, especially in the south of the country. Sanitation competencies belong to the Ministry of Energy and Water (MINEA) and the Ministry of Environment (MINAMB). The main objectives are to promote a strategy, investment and sustainability in infrastructures to improve the quality of water and reduced the mortality from diseases.
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DISCLAIMER: This information is provided in the interests of knowledge sharing and capacity development and should not be interpreted as the official view of the European Commission, or any other organisation.