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Zambia

Page created by
Florent Martin12 August 2015

INTRODUCTION

Zambia reached middle income status thanks to a long period of political stability and economic growth since 2002. However, 42% of the population lives under the poverty line and 33% do not meet basic food needs. To address these challenges, the government published a Revised national Development Plan in 2013. The European Union-Zambia cooperation will be in line with this document, as described in the National Indicative Programme for 2014-2020 and will focus on three sectors: Energy, Agriculture and Governance.

ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY

The Zambia Environmental Management Agency (ZEMA - formally known as the Zambia Environmental Council) was established under the Environmental Management Act of 2011. The role of ZEMA is to ensure the integration of environmental concerns in national plans. The Agency also published the legislative document about environment and the Environmental Assessments carried out in the country.

In the document Vision 2030, “Environment and Natural Resources” is one concern. The objective is to ensure “A productive environment and well conserved natural resources for sustainable socioeconomic development by 2030”. Environment is also a concern of different sectors: industry, mining and energy.

FOCAL SECTORS

The small hydropower plant constructed in Shiwang’andu - UNIDOThe small hydropower plant constructed in Shiwang’andu - UNIDO

In the energy sector, a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) will be carried out, involving other donors to enhance environment and climate change strategy in the sector. Specific SEA will also be carried out for important projects. The objective is to minimize the risk on environment and reduce the vulnerability to climate change. According to the National Development Plan, “the sector will continue exploring renewable and alternative sources of energy for sustainable development”.

The effects of climate change could cost Zambia an estimated EUR 3 billion in lost GDP over the next decade. Many current practices in the agriculture sector have a negative impact on the environment: heavy maintenance crops, heavy use of wood fuel, over exploited forest or illegal hunting and fishing. Improving sustainable natural resource management towards increased resilience of smallholder farmer is one of the three major objectives of the cooperation in the agriculture sector. Sustainable soil management (including bio-fortified crops and post-harvest technologies) and agroforestry practices will be promoted. These practices aim to increase the climate change mitigation and adaptation.

 

Weeding maize, Mongu - Photo by Felix Clay on FlickrWeeding maize, Mongu - Photo by Felix Clay on Flickr

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DISCLAIMER: This information is provided in the interests of knowledge sharing and capacity development and should not be interpreted as the official view of the European Commission, or any other organisation.

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