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Niger

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Florent Martin12 August 2015

INTRODUCTION

Niger is one of the least developed countries. Its landlocked geography and climatic hazards hamper its growth. About 60% of the population lives under the poverty line. The economy is mainly based on the agriculture sector but the country regularly suffers from food shortage. Niger faces many economic and political challenges. The cooperation with the European Union will focus on four sectors:  food security, strengthening state capacity, governance and regional development. You can find the National Indicative Programme (FR) here.

ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY

The cooperation will be in line with the Plan for Economic and Social Development 2012-2015 (FR) adopted in 2012 by the government. This document also defined the environmental policy and measures to face climate change.

Two programmes will aim to protect the environment. The first one will ensure a sustainable management of natural resources to prevent degradation of the land and to protect the forest and water plans. The second one aims to protect biodiversity.

Another objective is to reinforce the capacity of resilience and adaptation to climate change. Renewable energies, green jobs and education are part of the projects.

FOCAL SECTORS

These structure are designed to preserve the rain water - Fatoumata Diabate OxfamThese structure are designed to preserve the rain water - Fatoumata Diabate Oxfam

The programme for cooperation will be based on four focal sectors: food security and agriculture, security and governance, strengthening the capacity of the State, improving access to the most fragile areas.

The main objective of the agriculture sector is to ensure food security. This objective is in line with the I3N Initiative (Nigeria feeding Nigerians)(FR) and the Global Alliance for Resilience (AGIR) - Sahel and West Africa. The first specific objective includes the promotion of sustainable cultural techniques to tackle climate challenges, desertification and soils degradation.

Improving access to the most fragile areas will mainly be done by building roads and creating the economic and social possibilities to do it. Environmental and social impact assessment will be conducted on all areas of direct impact of road projects to mitigate or even cancel the negative impacts that will be identified. An Environmental and Social Management Plan for the sustainable implementation of these corrective measures for mitigation during the implementation and the operative phases will be adopted for each section of the project.

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Do you work on environment and/or climate change in Niger? Share your experience or suggest an idea!

DISCLAIMER: This information is provided in the interests of knowledge sharing and capacity development and should not be interpreted as the official view of the European Commission, or any other organization.

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