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During the last few years, Chad has made progress in terms of political stability and economic grow. However, the country security is still threatened by geopolitical tensions in several areas and neighbor countries. Chad has also one of the lowest human development indexes in the world with a growing but small population. The country is very sensitive to climate change.
Chad adopted a National Plan for Developmentfor the 2013-2015 period. This strategy is based on four main lines. Protection of the environment and adaptation to climate change is one of these axes. A strategic paper about horizon 2025 should be adopted soon.
EU-Chad cooperation will focus on sustainable development. One of the main objectives will be to quicken the economic growth by sustainably managing the natural resources.
These objectives are part of Global Alliance for Resilience (AGIR) - Sahel and West Africa. The strategy is outlined in different sectors: Food security and rural development, and natural resources management.
Two focal sectors are concerned by environmental policy in the National Indicative Programme 2014-2020 (FR) for cooperation between UE and Chad:
Environment deterioration has a major impact on food security and
Environment deterioration has a major impact on food security andrural development. The agro-pastoral system is very sensitive to climate change and suffers from the decrease of recharge of aquifers and the deterioration of plant cover. As a result, the productivity and yields in these sectors are low. The backup of the EU will aim to assure a diversification of the food production to promote a better management of the resources in a context of climate change.
Moreover, the cover in drinkable water and in sanitation is very weak resulting in waterborne deceases and a high death rate for children and mothers. You can find some information about the thematic policy on Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) here.
Water and sanitationis one of the prior topics to mainstream good environmental practices, promoting a sustainable use of this precious resource.
This sector is concerned by several national policy documents. The main document is the National Plan for Rural Sector Investment (PNISR). The first objective of the document is to ensure a sustainable management of natural resources and the adaptation to climate change.
Agriculture is the sector that has the greatest impact and the one that is most impacted by the degradation of natural capital. In Chad, natural resources are highly impacted by climate change and poor governance. The degradation of environmental capital is reflected in particular in:
The degradation of timber resources
Threats to protected areas by human activities
Pastoral resource pressures
The protection of fragileecosystemsand the sustainable management of natural resources are crucial both for the national economy and the subsistence of the population. The goal of cooperation is to use the potential of previous programs and to exploit the synergies with the first focal sector.
Some feedbacks of previous programs are positive. For instance, in the National Park of Zakouma, wildlife has been restored and the ecosystem preserved thanks to new management tools. This experience might be used in other parks and protected areas.
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DISCLAIMER: This information is provided in the interests of knowledge sharing and capacity development and should not be interpreted as the official view of the European Commission, or any other organisation.