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Building on EU’s Domestic Experience in Inclusive Green Economy – case 5: Eco-innovation – An EU Action Plan, by the SWITCH to Green facility


In December 2011 the European Commission adopted an Eco-innovation Action Plan (EcoAP), putting eco-innovation at the heart of EU policies. Together with green technologies, eco-innovation is key to delivering many aspects of the circular economy: industrial symbiosis or ecologies, cradle-to-cradle design and new, innovative business models.

EcoAP helps businesses and consumers to reduce negative impact on the environment with a positive impact on the economy and society. It is an important element of the European policy framework for sustainable consumption and production and reinforces initiatives such as the Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS); the EU Ecolabel; the Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) scheme; and the Product Environmental Footprint pilot.

The particularly rich experience and knowledge of European eco-innovators and eco-industries have a lot to offer to the emerging markets, such as Asia, Africa and Latin America. Through international collaboration, European eco-innovators can also assist developing countries in economic and technological leapfrogging and give added environmental value to the development process.

Please consult the full case study here, including links to practical experience in and beyond the EU, key achievements and information on EU- funded programmes promoting eco-innovation.


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last update
11 July 2019

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