Revised guide helps LDCs and SIDS navigate ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)’
CDKN and Ricardo-AEA have revised their popular Guide to INDCs, which provides practical guidance to countries on how to prepare their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions or 'INDCs' for the UNFCCC. This new edition of May 2015 has been revised following discussions with stakeholders and includes new material and specific examples for Small Island Developing States (SIDS) - in addition to its original focus on Least Developed Countries (LDCs). In response to strong demand from Francophone countries, we are also delighted to offer this revised edition in French: Guide de Préparation des INDC. We expect to issue a Spanish language version shortly (visit also www.cdkn.org/indc for more resources).
INDCs are contributions by the Parties to the UNFCCC towards achieving the ultimate objective of the Convention: to prevent dangerous human interference with the Earth’s climate. The UNFCCC has invited all Parties to communicate to the secretariat their INDCs "well in advance of COP 21" and it will prepare by 1 November 2015 a synthesis report on the "aggregate effect of the INDCs" that have been submitted before 1 October.
LDCs and SIDS have contributed less to current global emissions that other countries; so the burden of cutting emissions will rest with major economies. However to avoid dangerous levels of global warming, all countries will have to play a role. The UN has communicated that contributions towards a global agreement should reflect the ‘special circumstances’ of these low-emitting countries.
This guide seeks to address the broad range of approaches being considered by LDCs and SIDS in preparing their INDCs, including the challenges they face and different national circumstances and levels of capacity, preparedness and ambition. The Guide to INDCs provides a practical example of how an INDC could be structured, with examples to illustrate a narrative and sources of background information.
At present, there is no formal, standard template for INDCs. This guide was initiated at the request of some LDCs and SIDS for practical guidance, tailored to their needs.