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5. Add comments on Component 3: Development Education and Awareness Raising

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Laetitia Ricklin11 October 2012

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Development education and awareness raising (DEAR) aims to encourage people to take personal and communal actions inspired by the EU's founding principles. DEAR promotes sustainable development as a shared human responsibility through understanding, reflection and action. Development education and awareness raising are complementary approaches, pursuing connected objectives.

CSOs have an important role to play in this regard. Due to their work in partner countries, they are well placed to highlight development challenges as well as the impact of policies and behaviours in Europe on development elsewhere. Over the years, European CSOs have acquired vast experience in promoting the European public's understanding and recognition of the significance of development decisions and actions for people globally. LAs play another key role in development education as they often have specific responsibilities in this area.

As a third priority, this programme thus aims to develop citizens' awareness and critical understanding of their role and responsibility in an interdependent world. It also aims to support their active engagement with global efforts to eradicate poverty and promote justice, human rights and a sustainable social-economic development in partner countries.

In the current programme supports DEAR actions in the EU. The new Thematic Programme may open up to DEAR actions in partner countries, notably in Middle Income Countries.

3.1: To raise public awareness and mobilise the public regarding development issues on a European scale.

The programme will support to support the anchoring of development policy in European societies, raise public awareness of development issues; as well as mobilise greater public support for action against poverty and for more equitable relations between developed and developing countries.

3.2: To promote development education.

  • The programme will support development education in the formal and non-formal education sector.
  • The programme will seek complementarity between its actions and Member States actions, particularly in the formal education sector. Attention will be paid to ensuring that supported actions are integrated with development and education policies at both national and European levels.

3.3: To foster policy development and complementarity.

  • The programme will support processes that ensure lessons learnt and best practices are identified, analysed, and then made available. It will also support capacity building per se and networking of CSOs and other DEAR stakeholders to ensure more coherence and better exchange in the field.
  • Mechanisms will be supported which allow for the exchange of policies, experience and practices among DEAR stakeholders, including EU Member States. Finally, the programme will support measures which strengthen the policy role of the EU and the coherence and complementarity of the EU action in DEAR with the Member States' actions.

4. Proposed allocations for the Thematic Programme

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Comments

ENoP welcomes extending the DEAR actions in partner countries, notably in Middle Income Countries. European CSOs and their networks active in the field of development education can provide valuable support to local partners particularly through information and knowledge sharing as well as capacity building.

En representación del Dr. Jorge Difonso, Intendente de la Municipalidad de San Carlos, les presento sus comentarios:

 "Es altamente importante y relevante, la preocupación e intensidad con que el EU avanza en la Educación sobre políticas que despierten en la población la vocación de colaboración y participación que nos lleven a todos a trabajar por alcanzar los Objetivos del Milenio.

 A través de la lectura del programa propuesto por DEAR, considero que podría tenerse en cuenta como parte de la educación en niveles tempranos, el análisis de los Proyectos en marcha, su desarrollo y posteriormente, el estudio de sus resultados. En aquellos casos en que sea posible, podría articularse alguna interacción, incluso virtual, de ciudadanos de la EU con actores de los programas en desarrollo. Esto no solo promovería la conciencia de la colaboración, si no que también construiría lazos que permitan en entendimiento entre regiones con distintas realidades."

CONCORD's comments on component 3:

CONCORD welcomes the inclusion of the discussion on the DEAR programme in the EU Policy Forum.

·In times of crisis, it is more important than ever to promote learning on the links between what happens in Europe and the rest of the world. The future DEAR programme can foster emancipatory education of European citizens so that they feel confident to make positive contributions to European and global development.

·We welcome the continuous and increased commitment of the EC to DEAR, through the structured dialogue and the implementation of its recommendations.

·Also the Council of the European Union in its most recent conclusions regarding the role of civil society in development underlines that “The EU will continue to promote a strategic approach to increase the level and quality of Development Education and Awareness Raising (DEAR) as well as the capacity of CSO networks in that regard.”)

·Furthermore, the European Parliament recently reinforced its support to DEAR through the adoption of a “written declaration on development education and active global citizenship”, which calls for a European strategy on DEAR.

·We are confident that the EC will continue to address DEAR in a more strategic manner, through the publication of a staff working paper on the issue later this year, and a reinforced and refocused DEAR support mechanism after the 2012 pilot phase.

Increased support and strategic thinking is also visible in the development of the DEAR funding instrument:

·We highly welcome the – according to currently available numbers – significant increase in funds available for DEAR, and invite the EC to defend this share in possible negotiations with member states.

·We welcome the possible perspective of opening up the new thematic programme to DEAR actions in partner countries. However, we would like to underline that experience and research show that DEAR activities work best when they provide a meaningful linkage between the local and the global dimension. Linking activities in Europe and partner countries could be an excellent tool to implement development education here and there. We urge the commission not to conceive this possible opening as setting up an additional non-EU wing of the DEAR programme, but to make EU/non-EU partnerships and linkages an eligibility criteria for this new programme.

·While we in principle endorse the three proposed pillars of the new programme (AR – DE – Policy development/complementarity), we would like to underline that pure communication, information or PR activities are NOT considered as DEAR (see also the European Development Education Consensus) and should NOT be eligible under this programme. The current formulation “improved public information on development issues” could imply that the sole diffusion of information on development projects could be funded under this line. We have to insist on the point that DEAR – as understood by practically all state- and non-state actors concerned and familiar with the concept – implies a meaningful and critical engagement of the target groups with questions of development, and therefore goes far beyond communication or public relations exercises.

Contribution by the CONCORD DARE Forum


  • In times of crisis, it is more important than ever to promote learning on the links between what happens in Europe and the rest of the world. Therefore, we welcome the continuous and increased commitment of the EC to DEAR, through the structured dialogue and the implementation of its recommendations.

    Also the Council of the European Union in its most recent conclusions regarding the role of civil society in development underlines that “The EU will continue to promote a strategic approach to increase the level and quality of Development Education and Awareness Raising (DEAR) as well as the capacity of CSO networks in that regard.”)

    Furthermore, European Parliament recently reinforced its support to DEAR through the adoption of a “written declaration on development education and active global citizenship”, which calls for a European strategy on DEAR.

    We are confident that the EC will continue to address DEAR in a more strategic manner, through the publication of a staff working paper on the issue later this year, and a reinforced and refocused DEAR support mechanism after the 2012 pilot phase.

    The future DEAR programme under the new financial framework plays a central role in reinforcing DEAR in Europe. Therefore, CONCORD strongly welcomes the inclusion of an ambitious DEAR component in the new CSO-LA thematic programme, whose overall aim should be to foster emancipatory education of European citizens so that they feel confident to make positive contributions to European and global development.

    • The future programme should make clear reference to the overall purpose of DEAR, as discussed in the EC DEAR Study, including reference to the contribution to the development discourse (particularly important in the context of the current discussions on development Beyond 2015), policy coherence for development and human rights.
    • We urge the EC to take the opportunity of the new programme to develop a comprehensive and strategic approach to DEAR, as outlined in the EC DEAR study. The EC promotes the development of national DEAR strategies, but to date still lacks one herself. The future programme should be part of an overarching EC DEAR strategy, including various DGs and funding instruments.
    • Considering that in every call for proposals, significant numbers of high quality projects have to be rejected due to insufficient funding, we highly welcome the intention to increase funds available for DEAR, and invite the EC to defend this share in possible negotiations with members states. The CSO-LA programme being the only DEAR funding line of the DCI, we urge the EC to aim for the allocation of a minimum of 15% of programme funds.
    • We encourage the EC to pay particular attention to countries in economic crisis and countries, where national governments do not provide funding for National platforms and do not or have drastically decreased their support to DEAR activities of CSOs. . The ring fencing mechanism for EU-12 countries, including reduced co-funding rates, should be possibly extended to other member states in difficult situations.
    • We welcome the possible perspective of opening up the new thematic programme to DEAR actions in partner countries. However, we would like to underline that experience and research show that DEAR activities work best when they provide a meaningful linkage between the local and the global dimension. Linking activities in Europe and partner countries could be an excellent tool to implement development education globally. We urge the commission not to conceive this possible opening as setting up an additional non-EU wing of the DEAR programme, but to make EU/non-EU partnerships and linkages an eligibility criteria for this new programme.’
    • Funding for DEAR actions in partner countries has to be additional to the allocated moneys for actions in Europe.
  • The EC should introduce mechanisms to support small and grassroots NGOs and weak National platforms in the member states, active in DEAR with specific programme elements and a capacity development priority. This could be done through re-granting mechanisms and through inclusion of theDEAR component to other EC funded programmes.
  • While we in principle endorse the three proposed pillars of the new programme (AR – DE – Policy development/complementarity), we would like to underline that pure communication, information or PR activities are NOT considered as DEAR (see also the European Development Education Consensus) and should NOT be eligible under this programme. The current formulation “improved public information on development issues” could imply that the sole diffusion of information on development projects could be funded under this line. We have to insist on the point that DEAR – as understood by practically all state- and non-state actors concerned and familiar with the concept – implies a meaningful and critical engagement of the target groups with questions of development, and therefore goes far beyond communication or public relations exercises.

PLATFORMA COMMENTS

  • Opening up to DEAR actions in partner countries is positive and we can imagine triangular initiatives (for example, 2 LRA in Europe + 1 LRA from partner countries) provided that eligibility criteria are not too restrictive.
  • Development education is a major challenge for the future EU development policy.
  • The programme should also support the capacity building per se and networking of LRA in the field of DEAR.

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