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Msamala Sustainable Energy Project

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Testing Integrated Food Energy Systems: Improved Stoves and Pigeon Pea in Southern Malawi

This document belongs to the Socioeconomics Discussion Paper Series; Paper Number 8 - it was prepared as part of the CGIAR Research programme on Dryland Cereals.

Authors: Alastair Orr, Blessings Kabombo, Christa Roth, Dave Harris, Vincent Doyle

Published: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (lCRISAT), in Nairobi on 10 October 2013.

Executive Summary

Between 2007-2010 Concern, Universal distributed energy-efficient stoves to 9,000 smallholders in Balaka district, southern Malawi, as part of Msamala Sustainable Energy Project (MSEP) funded by the European Union. Households that purchased a stove each received a gift of 3 kg of pigeonpea seed for the variety Mthawajuni, which produces thick and bushy stems. In combination, energy-efficient stoves and pigeonpea formed an Integrated Food Energy System (IFES) that can reduce demand for fuel-wood, increase the supply of fuel-wood from pigeonpea stems, and improve household food security and nutrition by providing pigeonpea grain. This report summarises the results of an evaluation of this IFES.

A household survey was conducted in the 2010/11 cropping season to determine the impacts on demand for fuel-wood, household food security, cash income, and on soil health and fertility. The results are based on a random sample of 230 households from seven villages in Balaka district, comprising 115 households that purchased an energy-efficient stove, and a control group of 115 households using traditional stoves. The survey covered a period of three cropping seasons between 2008/09 and 2010/11.

Food security: Between 60-70% of pigeonpea, grain harvested was kept for home consumption. The average quantity consumed was 40 kg/household. Among households growing pigeonpea, nine in ten households fed the grain to children under five compared to only two in ten households that did not grow pigeonpea.


Continue reading the summary and main sections by donwloading this document, originally hosted onĀ lCRISAT's Open Access Repository

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29 July 2014

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