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A Multi-Functional Agro-Forestry System in South China (Lin'an and surrounding regions) 一个多重功效的中国南方农林系统 (临安与周围地区)

[Territorial Solution Collection: Sustainable Agro-Forestry Practices, Climate Actions and Carbon Neutral Issues  地域解决方案集:可持续农林实践、气候行动和碳中和问题】


Image source: Asian-Pacific Model Forestry Network, Baisha Village Administration  图片来源:亚太示范林网络,白沙村政府


The world of Agro-Forestry knows the oldest local and farming eco systems on earth. These Nature Systems offer multi-dimensional, -facet and -adaptable solutions to the survival and living of human societies. 



Through stereo planting and soil-water conservation projects on different slopes, each forestry land use strives for sustainable spatial and cultivation patterns to ensure eco protection, rural livelihood and regional safety in the mountain areas.

* Prof. Zhu Zhaohua, Research Institute of Forestry, the Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF), previous vice director of International Network of Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR), award receiver of the first "Man of Tree" by International Richard St. Barbe Baker Foundation

* Prof. Wang Anguo, previous Chief Engineer of Lin’an Forestry Bureau


Image source: Internet images, Asian-Pacific Model Forestry Network, Baisha Village Administration  图片来源:网络图片,亚太示范林网络,白沙村政府

Image source: Lin’an Government, International / Asian-Pacific Model Forest Programs, NATUREHERIT, Prof. Zhu Zhaohua, Internet incl. Wechat ac. Hangzhou Toutiao.  图片来源:临安区政府,国际/亚太示范林网络,自然颖源,竺肇华教授,网络照片,微信公众号-杭州头条

As a mountainy district, 75% land of Lin’an is hilly and mountainous areas with slopes above 15C, alongside slightly sloped and flat plain with wetlands, rivers and lakes, paddy fields and dry areas. Because of logging activities in the early 80’s, severe rains often caused water-soil erosion disasters to villages in Lin’an (Hangzhou) and surrounding regions in Tianmu Mountains, south of Yangtze River Delta and Taihu Lake. To prevent water-soil erosion longtermly, develop rural agroforestry and prevent land degradation, the two pioneering scientific contributors carried out tailored agroforestry and agriculture practice formulas, the so-called “stereoscopic forest economy”, in Lin’an’s mountainy hills (82.6%) and plain areas (10%). 

Thank these efforts from 1980’s, various international, national institutions and projects contributed to Lin’an and neighboring regions, incl. UNESCO, FAO, International Model Forest Program, China Academy of Forestry, Zhejiang A&F University and International Network of Bamboo and Rattan.


* 中国林业科学研究院竺肇华教授,曾任国际竹藤组织副总干事,国际李察圣巴伯贝克基金会首个“树人”奖获得者

* 曾任临安林业局总工程师的王安国教授




To prevent soil erosion and degradation and ensure quality agroforestry cultivation management in mountain areas, international and national experts worked with a specialized local expert team of Agriculture and Forestry Bureau tightly, to advise and accompany farmers in sloped and plain locations.

* Water-Soil Erosion Taskforce and Agricultural Forestry Bureau of Lin’an District Government

Image source: Baisha Village Administration  图片来源:白沙村政府

Image source: Internet images, Lin'an District Government   图片来源:网络图片,临安区政府

Image source: NATUREHERIT, Lin'an District Government, Internet   图片来源:自然颖源,临安区政府,网络

The water-soil erosion safety measures are jointly managed and controlled by teams of Water-Soil Erosion Taskforce and Agricultural Forestry Bureau of Lin’an Government. They explained to Knowledge@Terra Classrooms that, despite climate change and remaining operational dilemmas (such as fragmented small agroforestry plots), reducing trend of erosion-risks can be seen in the whole Lin’an scope. Unlike examples of mono-species transformation, agroforestry of Lin’an Model integrates a territorially balanced percentage distribution of ca. 40% protected forestry, 50% Non-wood forest product forest land (NWFP, including economic forest and bamboo forest) and 10% timber forest. Soil Testing and Fertilizer Formula to improve agricultural soil pollution is another example of Chinese policy-practice, which prompted refined technical innovation in the variety of eco-based solutions for different crops in hilly and plain zones. 

To interact with village renaissance and agricultural tourism in Chinese and other global regions of similar conditions, the holistic territorial development approach and technical solutions are summarized as “Lin’an Model” and further explored in the practical research of Asian-Pacific Model Forestry program presently. Baisha Village is one of the leading showcases of Lin’an Model in origin valleys of Taihu Lake.

Read more: | (Chinese 中文) | (Chinese 中文)


* 临安区水土流失管理部门和农林局


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Natureherit Design & Consult
last update
16 April 2021

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