Climate change, food security and the right to adequate food
Coherence between policies on climate change adaptation, food security and human rights needs to be improved and should incorporate rapidly growing knowledge on agriculture and climate change. The aim of this study prepared by 3 German humanitarian and advocacy NGOs is to favour this coherence, by documenting the relationship between climate change and food security. It evaluates facts and makes policy recommendations for the national and international level, focusing on the development of policies to adapt to climate change.
Climate change threatens to make the already difficult situation of food security in the world even worse. Organisations such as the FAO and the IPCC have showed that climate change will have negative consequences on agriculture, livestock and fishing and especially on smallholder subsistence farmers in Africa, Asia and Latin America. In view of the threat of more food crisis, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations has also examined the question of the responsibility of the international community in terms of human rights when it comes to dealing with the need to adapt to climate change. In particular, there is a need to provide support for vulnerable people who are not able to cope with the consequences of climate change on their own.
The study explains the impacts of climate change on food security, then underlines the relationship between climate change, the right to adequate food and vulnerability assessments. Finally, it focuses on response capacity in developing countries, at the national and local levels, and response capacity at the international level.
Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe for Bread for the World, and Germanwatch - October 2008