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Possible implications of REDD on land and forest tenure – exemplified by the Indonesian case

Past experiences with (forest) conservation projects and Payments for Environmental Services (PES) have shown that without addressing tenure, efforts are likely to be ineffective. People without or with weak tenure were not involved, conflicts arose and sustainable natural resource management and protection was difficult to achieve. Large-scale projects on forest lands were often conducted at the expense of local communities when tenure was not clear, recognised and secured. The new policy to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) will also be implemented in extensive forest areas which will overlap with local communities’ territories. Forest-dependent communities often have only weak tenure in the respective countries. To address tenure issues prior to carrying out REDD projects is therefore highly important for REDD’s successful implementation and permanence, as well as for the affected communities and their livelihoods. Through literature review, the thesis of Nora Heil explores the importance of tenure for REDD and vice versa, first in general terms followed by the Indonesian case study. For further information, please contact


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Former Capacity4dev Member
last update
7 December 2022

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