Migration is a worldwide phenomenon with about 3.1% of the world's population (some 214 million) living outside their place of birth. The flow is usually determined by the economy, as people move in order to find work and better living conditions. However, globalisation has also increased mobility across borders.
Want to move to the EU?
If you are from a country outside the European Union, the EU Immigration Portal is full of information on how to legally enter an EU country. If you need more specific advice you can look for organisations that deal with migration-related issues.
Since 1999, the EU has been developing a common immigration policy for Europe, with immigration and visa rules that will be valid across all EU countries.
Moving within the EU
As an EU citizen you have the right to live in any other EU country to study or work. Find out all your rights and responsibilities, along with useful tips, on Your Europe.
International Migrants’ Day
The UN has declared 18 December International Migrants Day – to mark the day in 1990 when it adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. The idea behind the day is to spread information on migrants’ human rights and fundamental freedoms of migrants, through the sharing of experiences and campaigns to protect migrants’ rights.
Many migrants and their families are victims of a wide range of human rights abuses. Irregular and illegal migration has become one of the major issues of our time, with human trafficking becoming a significant worldwide concern.