In 1872 Yellowstone became the first national park in the world. This protection measure gave way to the creation of the first national park in Spain, second in the world, the National Park of Picos de Europa on July 22, 1918
Since 1918, the figure of National Park has evolved. In Europe, there are more than 300 national parks.
For an environment to achieve the status of National Park, it must be have the following characteristics:
- Represent the natural system to which it belongs.
- Its extension must allow the natural evolution, in the way that maintains its characteristics and the operation of the geological processes in the present.
- Good degree of natural conservation and ecological functionality. As well as little human intervention.
- The territory must be continuous, with exceptions, there should be no elements of fragmentation.
- A national park should not include urban centers, except in exceptional cases.
- It must have a buffer zone, that is, be surrounded by a territory that can be declared a peripheral zone of protection.
Spain has a total of 15 places with this category of protection:
- Picos de Europa
- Ordesa y Monte perdido
- Cañadas del Teide
- Caldera de Taburiente
- Aiguas Tortas y Lago de San Mauricio
- Tablas de Daimiel
- Archipiélago de Cabrera
- Sierra Nevada
- Islas Atlánticas de Galicia
- Sierra de Guadarrama
Each of them is a treasure in itself, is a legacy that we inherited directly from nature and our duty is to preserve and protect it.
The Natura 2000 Network is precisely a network of biosphere conservation areas. It consists of Special Areas of Conservation (ZEC), designated in accordance with the Habitat Directive, as well as Special Protection Areas for Birds (SPAs) established under the Birds Directive. Its purpose is to ensure the long-term survival of Europe's most endangered species and habitats.
Written by Eurodesk Qualified Multiplier, La Palma del Condado