Emerging difficulties during the development
What can be the signs if the child’s motor development or communication skills are lagging behind?
First of all it is important to mention the “warning system” surrounding the family: the health professionals, doctors, health visitors, who are able to recognize the possible problems after the birth of the child.
In the motor development the first common symptom is the missing of crawling, to which the professionals also call attention. It usually happens that the kid – skipping this important motor development phase – starts to walk. In the future this can cause difficulties in the motor coordination, in sense of balance, and in the development of the gross and fine motor skills. Of course this doesn’t mean, that if the child crawled only for 1-2 weeks, (s)he will fall behind. The rhythm and beat of development regarding the movement and other abilities (sight, hearing, touch, spatial orientation) are different in case of every child, it can be judged based on patterns. However there are some limit values, which can give excellent benchmark and roughly localize when the specific type of development should proceed, and when is the time to talk about a problem, and an arrear.
In case of development of communication skills the main points are for example babbling, making involuntary and voluntary noises and reciprocity in communication. If the parents have doubts, and feel like not everything goes according to what’s written with the child, it is worth to take him/her to a remedial examination, since there are problems which are easier to develop and correct in an early age, than later.
How can part-capabilities be developed?
There are many existing alternatives, it depends on the main specialization of the special educator, his/her creativity, toolkit and opportunities how to develop the children’ lag.
Can lag lead to behavioral disorder?
The lag of part-capabilities can lead to behavioral disorders in different ways. If a children continuously faces failures at school, for example because (s)he stays behind the tasks, doesn’t understand the instructions, has problems with reading and writing, moreover the pedagogue’s feedbacks – despite of how understanding (s)he is – aggravates the feeling of failure, this children will react more sensitively to verbal and non-verbal signs, and can become introverted.
The other children ostracize the “problematic” mate with predilection, they dissociate themselves, scorn him/her. The neglected child in order to raise others awareness starts to make mischief, clown around during class, disturb his/her classmates or even talk back to the pedagogues or hurt children in his/her environment.
Children lagged with part-capabilities can arrive to learning difficulties in many ways, and if it is not treated properly, can be escalated to behavioral disorders.
What leads to this kind of disorder?
Beyond the aptitude, the harmonic mother-children relationship plays a huge role in the child’s healthy psychic development. Lots of playing, proper amount of time spent with coevals, the active occupation with the child, attention, and ensuring of proper emotional content are all those factors, which protect the kid from emergence of psychic disorders.
However the early disharmony of mother-children relationship and those harmful life situations, like state care, prolonged hospitalization, early nursery care, the constant change of caregivers, verbal or physical abuse, the wrong educational methods based on intimidation or overindulgence can lead to behavioral disorders.
How should the parent react if they notice problem?
Problems can occur in very different ways and forms, depending on the child’s age, habit, and circumstances. It is important in every stage of life to observe our child in their completeness, without too much worrying, help them in the development and don’t analyze every act of them and do not make theories!
What can be the alternatives of treatment? Are those unified everywhere?
If a problem emerges it is worth to turn to a specialist, choose special education development, or consult with psycho-educator. The professional after the examination of the child will be able to choose a proper therapy on his own or by consulting another specialist, and give adequate advices to parents. In Hungary, and as well in European Union countries, mainly the psychotherapy, cognitive therapy, family therapy or medical treatment are typical ways of terminating the occurred problems.
Written by Zsófia Tupi
Translated by Ildikó Zubály