To whom is the most difficult to find a job?
Some people cannot really do against being discriminated on the job market. Their disadvantages come from age, gender, health issues or ethnicity. In their cases the conventional employment policy solutions are not applicable. But who we talk about exactly?
As it is widely known, average net wage of women tend to be lowe than men’s, and they are also more difficult to find employment. This is due to several reasons.
On of them is that jobs, which are generally associated with the presence of women started to be rendered obsolete in the modern world. Think about the administrative and cashier positions, which are more and more likelier to be replaced by technology. On the other hand, due to their family fixity they are not as mobile as men. Moreover, in case of having a child they leave the labour market for a while.
This layer (often supplemented with the quinquagenarians) is about to retire soon, so employers hardly select them for any positions, since they cannot count on the on the long run. In many occasions they need more time to finish particular tasks and employers do not want to risk hiring someone who would soon need to be replaced. Companies still tend to plan for 5-10 years ahead with one employee and the do not want to select someone on whom they cannot rely for such a long period. Another important aspect is that nowadays enterprises tend to advertise the open positions on social media or generally he internet. Obviously, this is a cost effective solution, however, elderly people often fail
Sadly, the people in charge of human resources think twice to hire youth. Career entrants are even more handicapped. Maybe many of you have already met rejection in the labour market due to lack of working experience. We have the required skills and qualifications, yet they prefer older applicants. Also, during a cutback at the workplace managers tend to fire the young employees first.
Ethnic minorities and immigrants
This group’s hardship is that most of them have no sufficient financial background so they are not as mobile and very often lower educated than the citizens of the hosting country. Then, prejudice is added. In the light of that, these people many times end up working under the books (moonlighting). A quite unique European situation can be seen - along a large-scale unemployment in the country employers tend to hire migrants. The reason? These workers coming from abroad accept the jobs that citizens would not do.
Their unemployment rate is five times higher than the healthy ones’. By the way, in Hungary, there is a compulsory employment ratio guaranteed by the law which determines a minium number of disabled people to hire for bigger companies. But here is the disappointing fact – firms prefer to breach it and pay the fine like a tax than actually try to give someone an opportunity.
Once they get out of the market they are hardly able to get back. Since they lack education and human capital they are more naked. Among them, it is usually a tendency that they settle in this situation and seek alternative living resources (like having many children and getting aid from the government). And also their descendants can follow this way.
Many of them become homeless at the end and that is an unsolved issue in our modern society, too. One bright newness is the machine that gives free food, drinks and clothes for rough sleepers.
So what can we do?
In order not to belong to these groups, it is worth to turn to permanent self-development. The industry changes from one second to another, so the ones that are able to adapt would be safe. Today, not certifications but competences are needed. In case you are before further education you should check the future jobs and what to expect in the labour market. There are a tons of articles about it on the Internet.