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Sudáfrica, un paso adelante por la paz
Sudáfrica, un paso adelante por la paz

Southafrica, a step forward for the peace

South Africa has changed markedly in recent decades to become a model of peace and cooperation

Today, I would like to begin these lines with my most sincere and modest tribute along with the absolute support to those people who have collaborated and collaborate for defending the freedom of speech, or of those who suffer discrimination. Unfortunately recently has left us one of those icons in the fight for human rights, Nobel peace, Nelson Mandela.

 But although we could dwell on the exciting life of the, affectionately nicknamed "Madiba", I will talk about the birthplace of their struggle. From a country, South Africa, that has changed markedly in recent decades to become a model of peace and cooperation among different races faced once absurdly by apartheid.

The Apartheid

We have heard of this term that is linked to the history of this nation and the system of racial segregation in South Africa and Namibia, which was then part of South Africa, until 1992. It was so named because it means 'separation' in afrikaans, German language, derived from the Dutch language spoken mainly in the above-mentioned countries. This system basically consisted in the creation of separate places both accommodation and study or recreation for different racial groups, in the exclusive power of whites to vote and the prohibition of marriages or even sexual relations between whites and blacks. For sample of hardness in the implementation of this system, I will remember an unfortunate anniversary that, in relation to the youth, took place on June 16th, 1976.

 Day of the Youth in Southafrica

In this date day occurred in Soweto protests of about ten thousand people, black students mostly against the educational policy favoured by this system, as the percentage of State investment South African for the education of the individual White was almost 15 times greater that was destined for the black race. The straw that broke the camel was that wanted to teach all classes in afrikaans, a language that many of them were not aware. The repression was noted to having to mourn the deaths of hundreds of people. Then, and due to the magnitude of the protests (topic moved to other cities), the Government was forced to modify the treatment of education for all young people.

In memory of these facts, and thanks to the arrival of democracy to the country, this national holiday celebration, takes place every year initially called "Soweto Day", which was eventually institutionalized with the name of "Day of youth", given that such student protests had a great repercussion in the transformation that would later live South Africa until the end of apartheid.

Today, almost 40 years later, everything has changed and the party is part of the new history of South Africa. What is celebrated in different South African cities are, along with concerts and cultural events, colourful carnivals where they emphasize the floats with traditional motifs, tribal dances, drums and even children painting the face. Of course, the impact of the past world of soccer in this country get noticed in them, and the Bafana-Bafana (boys in zulu, in reference to the players of the team) took over the decorative motifs in these parades.

The commemoration of this holiday for South Africans that even got to play a game of host Football selection in as prominent date in order that the majority of the population could come to the stadium to watch the match is so important.

 

 

Written by Qualified Multiplier Eurodesk, Instituto Valenciano de la Juventud