DANCE AND SOCIAL INCLUSION
Dance is a universal human activity. Its extends throughout the history of mankind, throughout the planet. The dance is seen in both sexes and its extends throughout all ages. This art uses the human body through specific to express ideas, emotions and feelings body techniques. Its conditioned by a rhythmic structure; Polymorphic, because it presents itself in many ways and can be classified; archaic, classic, modern, popular and versatile. It has different dimensions: art, education, leisure and therapy. The dance combines different factors: biological, psychological, sociological, historical, aesthetic, moral, political, technical, and geographic. The dance combines the expression and technique and it has a double activity, sometimes individually and sometimes in groups. According to Garcia (1997).
The dance does a great job of complementing in education with social problems. The dance develops skills that promote personal development and social integration. The dance also promotes self-confidence, self growth, affection with others. the ability to express and enjoy the time and space is increased. This encourages overcoming stereotypes and prejudices by culture or gender differences. These helps to overcome shyness and inhibitions. The dance offers a healthy alternative entertainment. These establishes models of social identification.
These components are transferred to all social groups. They are particularly important for groups at risk of social exclusion.
It is understood that dance used for social purposes should be addressed to meet social needs and problems. It can cater to different assumptions:
1. Work with people at risk of social exclusion as prisoners, minorities social groups at risk.
All groups involved in this work share the vision of art as a means of social development. All actions are aimed at strengthening personal identity, pretend that dance is a means of cathartic expression and approach to others.
2. Dance for people with disabilities.
In this area, the working professional is a therapist. He uses the movement to help people with mobility problems. This type of dance is called dance therapy and it is characterized by the social inclusion of all people.
3. Dance therapy for elderly or people affected by disease.
In this section, dance serves to cover needs welfare, health release of feelings. This aims emotional enjoyment, reducing anxiety and social contact with others.
Most social projects develop different types of conventional dance classical dance. Modern dance, as biodance or break dance, offer greater degree of freedom to the person. This type of dance is presented useful to compensate for the difficulties of people with problems.
We leave here some links where you can see examples of dance for social inclusion:
Written by Eurodesk Qualified Multiplier, Ayuntamiento de Conil de la Frontera