Refugees in Spain
Although 2016 was the year where most asylum applications were submitted 15,755 of which were processed 10250. Of these requests, obtained favorable resolution 6855, which has been a major increase compared to other years, but it still does not Comply with the agreements reached with the European Union. The main nationalities of the refugees who have obtained a positive resolution are Venezuela, Syria and Ukraine.
These data, compared to the total of the European Union, represent a very small percentage, as Europe welcomed a total of 1,259,265, with Germany with around 745000 the country that welcomed refugees.
It is also necessary to clarify some terms, to speak properly about asylum. According to the Geneva Convention, a refugee is a person who, "because of well-founded fears of being persecuted on the basis of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or Because of such fears, he does not wish to avail himself of the protection of his country, or because of his nationality and because of such events outside the country where he previously had his habitual residence, Want to return to him ".
We must differentiate several concepts that can lead to confusion in obtaining protection in another country. These concepts are:
- Refugee status: "It is a form of protection that can be recognized for persons who qualify as a refugee, a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion, Social group, gender or sexual orientation. "
- International Protection: "International protection is a term that encompasses both refugee status and subsidiary protection. It is often confused with the term refugee status, but it is necessary to point out that the term international protection is broader. "
- Subsidiary protection: "The right to subsidiary protection is granted to persons who, without qualifying to be recognized as refugees, are given reasonable grounds to believe that if they returned to their country of origin they would face a real risk of suffering Some serious damage such as death, torture, threats to integrity, etc. "
- Humanitarian reasons: "It implies the granting of a temporary residence permit granted in certain cases, such as persons who are victims of certain crimes in which racist, anti-Semitic, religious or ethnic motives have taken place; To foreigners who prove to suffer an illness of serious character; To asylum seekers inadmissible on a proposal from the Interministerial Commission on Asylum and Refuge; And other assumptions contained in our legislation. "
Sources: CEAR (Spanish Commission for Aid to Refugees).
Written by Eurodesk Qualified Multiplier, Leganés