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The culture of Estonia combines an indigenous heritage, represented by the country's Uralic national language Estonian, with Nordic cultural aspects. Human settlement in Estonia became possible 11,000 to 13,000 years ago, when the ice from the last glacial era melted. The oldest known settlement in Estonia is the Pulli settlement, which was on the banks of the river Pärnu, near the town of Sindi, in south-western Estonia. According to radiocarbon dating it was settled around 11,000 years ago at the beginning of the ninth millennium BC. The land today and the population of 1.3 million makes it one of the least-populous member states of the European Union, Eurozone and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Not all of them are living in Estonia, many of them are working in Europe as well about 30% of population don't speak Estonian. They are using Russian, or any other language at home.
Estonian language is similar to Finnish language. Many Finns are learning Estonian and Estonians are learning Finnish. Basically it fits about 50% to understand before learning. Finns are having on holiday in Estonia. Estonians are going to work in Finland. Estonians are using loanwords from Russian, Swedish, Latin, Greek, English, French, Italian, and German. Estonia had Germanic cultural influence about 700 years. The percentage of Low Saxon and High German loanwords can be estimated at 22–25 percent, with Low Saxon making up about 15 percent. The most common foreign languages learned by Estonians are English, Russian, and German. Minorities, often the most prestigious schools in Estonia, follow to study French language as first foreign language. Upper secondary schools can offer German, Finnish, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, French, Italian, Spanish, Latin, Japanese, or Chinese language as third foreign language.
Welcome to Estonia: preparatory computer-based tution free course "Estonian Language and Mind" is followed from Dutch, English, German, Greek, Hungarian, Russian, Italian, French, or Romanian language. More information about Estonian history, faith, and culture you can find on ESTONICA.