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Are you unemployed? Learn what support is available to you

If your job contract has been terminated at your request or with your consent or due to your fault behavior you are still eligibile for unemployment benefits

 

Access to unemployment benefits have the individuals who have made the due contributions to the fund "Unemployment" for at least nine months from the last 15 months before the termination of the insurance and who:
1. have registered as unemployed at the Employment Agency;
2. are not eligible for old-age or early retirement pension in Bulgaria, or old-age pension in another country;
3. are not employed with a job, which is a subject to compulsory insurance under Art. 4 of the Social Insurance Code.

 

The application form with the enclosed documents are to be submitted at the local office of the National Social Security Institute according to the permanent or the present address of the person.

 

Unemployment benefits are granted with the application with the following documents enclosed:
- proof of registration as unemployed by the Employment Agency;
- termination of employment act;
- documents certifying general and/or civil service, and/or insurable experience and/or experience verified on the basis of an international agreement in the field of social security to which Bulgaria is a party.
- statement of a banc account availability and a copy of the document issued by the bank
- ID (for reference)

 

In what terms the unemployment benefit is paid?
- The benefit is paid from the date of the final termination of the insurance if:
1. the application is submitted within three months from that date;
2. the person has been registered as unemployed at the Employment Agency within 7 days from that date.
- If without a valid reason the application is submitted after this three-month period, the benefit will be payable from the date of the application for the specified period, reduced with the delay.
- If the application is submitted within the 3-month period, but the person has registered as unemployed with the Employment Agency after the pointed 7-day deadline, the benefit will be payable from the date of the application for the specified period, reduced with the delay.

 

What is the amount of the unemployment benefit?
- The allocation and calculation of the unemployment benefits is done on the basis of social security data and the days with insurable income of the insured, which the insurers submit
periodically to the National Revenue Agency and on the basis of the statements made in the documents submitted by individuals when applying for unemployment benefit.
- The daily unemployment benefit is 60 % from the average daily wage or the average daily income on which they were paid and due insurance contributions made to fund "Unemployment" in the last 24 calendar months preceding the month of the termination of the insurance and can not be less than the minimum daily amount of the unemployment benefit.
- The monthly amount of money for the unemployment benefit is defined as described above when the daily amount is multiplied by the number of the working days in the month to which it
relates.
- The minimum daily amount of the unemployment benefit is determined annually by the Budget of the State Social Insurance Code. For 2013 it is 7.20 BGN.

 

The unemployed individuals whose job contracts have been terminated at their request or with their consent or due to their fault behavior get the minimum amount of unemployment benefits for a period of 4 months.

 

What are the time limits for payment of unemployment benefits?

The unemployment benefit is paid monthly in the month following that for which they are due, depending on the length of the insurance time, as shown in the table on the right. For insurance service when determining the period for payment of the benefit, the service till Jan. 1, 2002 (under the Labour Code) or other particular laws and the time after that date, in which the individuals were insured against unemployment is to be taken into account.

 

 

Insurance Time
(years)

Period of
Payment the
Benefit
(months)

up to 3

4

from 3 to  5

6

from 5 to 10

8

from 10 to 15

9

from 15 to 20

10

from 20 to 25

11

over 25

12

 

In what cases the payment of unemployment benefits can be terminated?


The payment of the unemployment benefit is terminated when:
1. the unemployed starts work for which he/she is a subject to compulsory insurance under Art. 4 of the Social Insurance Code;
2. he/she is de-registrated from the Employment Agency;
3. he/she is given the right to retirement pension for old age or early retirement pension in Bulgaria, or old-age pension in another country;
4. death of the unemployed.

The individual is obliged to declare to the respective local office of the National Social Security Institute the facts in the items 1, 2 and 3 within 7 days.

Additional information on unemployment benefits is available on the website of the Bulgarian National social security Institute.