If you lose your job, in general you should claim unemployment benefits in the country where you last worked.
If during your last period of employment or self-employment you were residing in a different EU country than the one in which you worked but you returned there less than once a week, you can claim unemployment benefits either in your country of residence or in the country where you last worked. If you go back to your country of residence, you will need to request a U1 form in the country where you last worked.
Under certain conditions, you can transfer your unemployment benefits to another EU country while looking for a job there (ask for a U2 form). The transfer of benefits usually lasts 3 months, but may be extended to a maximum period of 6 months.
To find out about your entitlement to unemployment benefits, you should contact the employment services of the relevant country.
There are 2 possibilities:
If your children’s other parent works in your home country, she or he must pay health insurance contributions for your dependants there.
If your children’s other parent does not work, you must pay health insurance contributions for your dependants in the country where you work. You should request an S1 form (former E 109 form) from the health insurance authority of the country where you work. Once it is issued, submit it to the health insurance authority of your home country.
As a general principle, the country where you will work will be responsible for your benefits coverage. You can only be subject to the benefits (sickness, family, pension, unemployment) legislation of one country at a time; you will therefore cease to be covered in your home country. Your new country of work will become responsible for your benefits. You will not however lose the rights you have built in time in your home country, for example your pension rights.
As a general rule, the country where you last worked is responsible for your unemployment benefits. So if you have worked and still live in Spain you should apply for unemployment benefits in Spain.
Nevertheless, if you were still residing in France while working in Spain, you may apply for benefits in France if you return there. For cross-border workers (also known as frontier workers), the country of residence is always responsible for the payment of unemployment benefits.
In any case, you will be insured in the country that pays your benefits.
NO — EU rules ensure that you will be entitled to sickness benefits from the beginning of your insurance period in your new country if you had previously been covered for 6 months or more in any other EU country.
You need to ask your Hungarian healthcare insurance authority to give you an S1 form (former E 106 form). This form will entitle you to healthcare during your stay. After arriving in the Czech Republic, submit your S1 form to a health insurance authority there.
If you don't need to move to the country during the time you will be working there (but rather will just be making short visits), all you need is a European Health Insurance Card. You can get one from your Hungarian healthcare authority.