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Updated : 10/01/2013

Formalities and documents – United Kingdom

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How often must vehicles undergo roadworthiness tests in the UK?

For most vehicles – including all cars – once they are 3 years old and annually thereafter.

Must a roadworthiness test be conducted each time a vehicle changes owners?

No.

Do the UK authorities require a roadworthiness test when a new resident from another EU/EFTA country registers their car?

Yes.

What does a roadworthiness test in your country typically consist of?

Checks that:

- The body and vehicle structure is free from excessive corrosion or damage in specific areas and there are no sharp edges likely to cause injury.

- The fuel system has no leaks and the fuel cap fastens and seals securely.

- The vehicle meets the requirements for exhaust emissions, dependant on age and fuel type.

- The exhaust system is secure, complete, without serious leaks and silences effectively.

- All seat belts installed are checked for type, condition, operation and security. All compulsory seat belts must be in place.

- The front seats are secure. Front and rear backseats can be secured in the upright position.

- The doors l atch securely in closed position. Front doors should open from inside and outside the vehicle. Rear doors may need to be opened to gain access to testable items.

- The minimum numbers of mirrors are on the vehicle, their condition and security.

- Boot or tailgate can be secured in the closed position.

- The brakes, t heir condition, operation and performance (efficiency test). Note the removal of the road wheels is not part of the test.

- The tyres and wheels, t heir condition, security, size, type and tread depth. Spare tyres are not inspected.

- The registration plates, t heir condition, security, characters correctly formed and spaced.

- The lights, t heir condition, operation and security. Headlamps for aim.

- The bonnet s ecurely latches in the closed position.

- The wipers and washers o perate to give the driver a clear view ahead.

- The windscreen, i ts condition and the driver’s view of the road.

- The horn o perates correctly and is of a suitable type.

- The steering and suspension a re of a satisfactory condition and operation.

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