NO - It isn't. The EU pet passport is only for dogs, cats and ferrets. If you've other pets, national legislation will apply.
YES - The movement of endangered animal species - including the chimaera birdwing - is strictly controlled. If you want to travel with this species, you need a certificate.
Your dog may be returned to its country of origin, or quarantined (at your expense) for the length of time necessary to meet the health requirements up to a maximum of 21 days or, as a last resort, your dog may be put down.
YES - The air carrier must transport a recognised assistance dog in the cabin of the aircraft.
YES - Certain endangered species and parts of them are protected by the Convention of Washington (CITES). There are strict rules on importing them into the EU.