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Students

Updated : 22/09/2014

living-abroad

Students' EU family

My parents/ other relatives / non-registered partners
My parents/ other relatives / non-registered partners

Staying abroad for up to 3 months

As EU nationals, your parents, other relatives and non-registered partner have the right to stay with you in another EU country for up to 3 months under the same conditions that apply to you.

Check rights, conditions and formalities for:

Staying abroad for more than 3 months

Your parents, other relatives and non-registered partner may live with you in your new EU country under the same conditions that apply to EU nationals.

Check rights, conditions and formalities for:

If they do not meet these conditions (for example, you study and your partner stays at home with your baby), they may still stay with you in your new country as your family members:

  • Parents and other relatives may stay if they are:
    • seriously ill and need you to take care of them personally, or
    • economically dependent on you.
  • Non-registered partners may stay if they are in a long-term relationship with you.

The authorities in your new country will take a decision on a case-by-case basis, taking into account your personal circumstances and their own national conditions.

EU law guarantees for your non-registered partner or dependent relatives that they:

  • have their application to live with you in your new country assessed by the authorities of that country
  • receive a written decision as soon as possible
  • can appeal if their application is rejected. Rejections must state the grounds and the implications, and specify how they can appeal and by when.

As a student, you will have to prove that you have (for your,parents, other relatives or non-registered partner ):

  • sufficient income to live without income support
  • comprehensive health insurance in your new country.

National authorities may not require your income to be above the level that would qualify you for basic income support.

Registration

Your parents, other relatives and non-registered partner, should apply for a registration certificate with the authorities (often the town hall or local police station) within 3 months of arriving.

Find out how to get a registration certificate for your family members living with you.

 

Equal treatment

During their stay, your parents/non-registered partner/ other relatives should be treated as nationals of the country, notably as regards as regards access to employment, pay, benefits facilitating access to work, enrolment in schools etc.

Some EU countries may decide not to give students and their families a maintenance grant for studies until they qualify for permanent residence.

Request to leave / expulsion

Your parents, other relatives or non-registered partner may live in the country with you as long as they continue to meet the conditions for residence. If they no longer do so, the national authorities may require them to leave.

In exceptional cases, your new country can decide to expel them on grounds of public policy or public security but only if it can prove they represent a very serious threat.

In both cases, the decision must be given to them in writing. It must state all the grounds, and specify how they can appeal and by when.

Permanent residence

As EU nationals, your parents, other relatives and non registered partner can acquire the automatic right of permanent residence if they have lived legally in another EU country for 5 years continuously, under the same conditions that apply to you.

This means they can stay as long as they want - even if they don't work or they need income support. They should enjoy the same rights, benefits and advantages as nationals.

Find out how to have a permanent residence document issued to certify their right to stay unconditionally.

My registered partner
My registered partner

As an EU national, your registered partner may live in your new EU country under the same conditions that apply to EU nationals.

If your partner is working, receives a pension or is studying, you should check conditions and formalities here:

If your partner does not meet these conditions (for example, you work but your partner stays at home), he or she may still stay with you in your new country as your family member.

Some EU countries treat registered partnerships in the same way as they treat married couples. In this case, you should check the applicable residence rights and conditions for spouses.

Other EU countries do not recognise registered partnerships as equivalent to marriage. In this case, check the applicable residence rights and conditions for other relatives.

Find out about recognition of registered partnerships in Europe.

My spouse / children
My spouse / children

Staying abroad for up to 3 months

As EU nationals, your husband or wife and your (grand)children may stay in another EU country with you under the same conditions that apply to you.

Check rights, conditions and formalities:

Staying abroad for more than 3 months

Your spouse and (grand)children, as EU nationals,  may live in your new EU country with you under the same conditions that apply to EU nationals:

Check rights, conditions and formalities:

If your spouse and dependent (grand)children do not meet the these conditions (for example, you study and your spouse stays at home with your baby), they may still stay in with you in your new EU country as your family members if you:

  • are enrolled in an approved educational establishment
  • have sufficient income for your whole family to live without needing income support
  • have comprehensive health insurance for your whole family in the new country.

National authorities may not require your income to be above the level that would qualify you for basic income support.

Registration

Find out how to get a registration certificate for your family members living with you.

Equal treatment

During their stay, they should be treated as nationals of the country, notably as regards access to employment, pay, benefits facilitating access to work, enrolment in schools etc.

Some EU countries may decide not to give students and their families a maintenance grant for studies until they qualify for permanent residence.

Request to leave / expulsion

Your spouse and (grand)children may live in another EU country as long as they continue to meet the conditions for residence. If they no longer do so, the national authorities may require them to leave.

In exceptional cases, your new country can decide to expel them on grounds of public policy or public security but only if it can prove they represent a very serious threat.

The expulsion decision or request to leave must be given to them in writing. They must state all the grounds, and specify how they can appeal and by when.

Permanent residence

As EU nationals, your spouse and (grand) children can acquire the automatic right of permanent residence if they have lived legally in the other country for 5 years continuously, under the same conditions that apply to you.

This means that they can stay there as long as they want - even if they don't work or need income support. They should enjoy the same rights, benefits and advantages as nationals.

Find out how to have a permanent residence document issued to certify their right to stay unconditionally.

Still need help?

Still need help?

Haven't found the information you need? Do you have a problem to solve?

Footnote

or a national of Iceland, Liechtenstein or Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 27 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 27 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

or a national of Iceland, Liechtenstein or Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 27 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.