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Students

Updated : 24/04/2014

living-abroad

EU family members

My parents/ other relatives / non-registered partners
My parents/ other relatives / non-registered partners

Staying abroad for up to 3 months

As EU nationals, your parents, other relatives and non-registered partner have the right to stay with you in another EU country for up to 3 months under the same conditions that apply to you.

Check rights, conditions and formalities for:

Staying abroad for more than 3 months

Your parents, other relatives and non-registered partner may live with you in your new EU country under the same conditions that apply to EU nationals.

Check rights, conditions and formalities for:

If they do not meet these conditions (for example, you study and your partner stays at home with your baby), they may still stay with you in your new country as your family members:

  • Parents and other relatives may stay if they are:
    • seriously ill and need you to take care of them personally, or
    • economically dependent on you.
  • Non-registered partners may stay if they are in a long-term relationship with you.

The authorities in your new country will take a decision on a case-by-case basis, taking into account your personal circumstances and their own national conditions.

EU law guarantees for your non-registered partner or dependent relatives that they:

  • have their application to live with you in your new country assessed by the authorities of that country
  • receive a written decision as soon as possible
  • can appeal if their application is rejected. Rejections must state the grounds and the implications, and specify how they can appeal and by when.

As a student, you will have to prove that you have (for your,parents, other relatives or non-registered partner ):

  • sufficient income to live without income support
  • comprehensive health insurance in your new country.

National authorities may not require your income to be above the level that would qualify you for basic income support.

Registration

Your parents, other relatives and non-registered partner, should apply for a registration certificate with the authorities (often the town hall or local police station) within 3 months of arriving.

As EU nationals, they may stay in another EU country with you under the same administrative conditions that apply to EU nationals.

Check conditions and formalities for:

If they stay as your family members, they will need following documents to obtain their registration certificate:

  • valid national identity card or passport
  • your registration certificate or any other proof of your residence in that country
  • proof of a family relationship with you
  • proof that they are dependent on you or that there are serious health grounds requiring you to take personal care of them
  • proof that you have sufficient income and comprehensive health insurance for them in that country
  • for non-registered partners, proof of long-term relationship.

They cannot be required to provide any other documents.

The authorities should decide on their application as soon as possible.

If their application is rejected, your parents, other relatives or non-registered partner can appeal. The authorities must give them the decision in writing. It must list all the grounds for the decision and its implications, and specify how they can appeal and by when.

If their application is accepted, your parents, other relatives or non-registered partner should be issued with a registration certificate stating their name and address and the date of registration.

The certificate must be issued free of charge (or at the same charge as identity cards for nationals).

The certificate should be valid indefinitely (it should not have to be renewed), though they may need to report any change of address to the local authorities.

In some EU countries, if your parents, other relatives or non-registered partner fail to register their residence, they may be fined.

In many countries, they will need to carry their registration certificateandidentity card or passport at all times. If they leave them at home, they may be fined but cannot be expelled just for this.

If you have problems in obtaining a registration certificate for your partner or family members, you can call on our assistance service.

Equal treatment

During their stay, your parents/non-registered partner/ other relatives should be treated as nationals of the country, notably as regards as regards access to employment, pay, benefits facilitating access to work, enrolment in schools etc.

Some EU countries may decide not to give students and their families a maintenance grant for studies until they qualify for permanent residence.

Request to leave / expulsion

Your parents, other relatives or non-registered partner may live in the country with you as long as they continue to meet the conditions for residence. If they no longer do so, the national authorities may require them to leave.

In exceptional cases, your new country can decide to expel them on grounds of public policy or public security but only if it can prove they represent a very serious threat.

In both cases, the decision must be given to them in writing. It must state all the grounds, and specify how they can appeal and by when.

Permanent residence

As EU nationals, your parents, other relatives and non registered partner can acquire the automatic right of permanent residence if they have lived legally in another EU country for 5 years continuously, under the same conditions that apply to you.

This means they can stay as long as they want – even if they don't work or they need income support. They should enjoy the same rights, benefits and advantages as nationals.

Find out how to have a permanent residence document issued to certify their right to stay unconditionally.

My registered partner
My registered partner

As an EU national, your registered partner may live in your new EU country under the same conditions that apply to EU nationals.

If your partner is working, receives a pension or is studying, you should check conditions and formalities here:

If your partner does not meet these conditions (for example, you work but your partner stays at home), he or she may still stay with you in your new country as your family member.

Some EU countries treat registered partnerships in the same way as they treat married couples. In this case, you should check the applicable residence rights and conditions for spouses.

Other EU countries do not recognise registered partnerships as equivalent to marriage. In this case, check the applicable residence rights and conditions for other relatives.

Find out about recognition of registered partnerships in Europe.

My spouse / children
My spouse / children

Staying abroad for up to 3 months

As EU nationals, your husband or wife and your (grand)children may stay in another EU country with you under the same conditions that apply to you.

Check rights, conditions and formalities:

Staying abroad for more than 3 months

Your spouse and (grand)children, as EU nationals,  may live in your new EU country with you under the same conditions that apply to EU nationals:

Check rights, conditions and formalities:

If your spouse and dependent (grand)children do not meet the these conditions (for example, you study and your spouse stays at home with your baby), they may still stay in with you in your new EU country as your family members if you:

  • are enrolled in an approved educational establishment
  • have sufficient income for your whole family to live without needing income support
  • have comprehensive health insurance for your whole family in the new country.

National authorities may not require your income to be above the level that would qualify you for basic income support.

Registration

Your spouse and (grand)children, as EU nationals, may stay in another EU country with you under the same administrative conditions that apply to EU nationals.

Check conditions and formalities for:

If they stay as your family members, your spouse and dependent (grand)children will need the following documents to get a registration certificate:

  • valid national identity card or passport
  • your registration certificate or other proof of your residence in the country
  • proof of the family relationship (e.g. marriage or birth certificate).
  • for (grand)children, proof they are dependent on you.

No other documents may be requested.

If you have problems getting a registration certificate for your family members, you can call on our assistance service.

Their registration certificate should be issued immediately and cost no more than nationals pay for identity cards.

It should be valid indefinitely. It does not have to be renewed, but you may need to report any change of address to the local authorities.

Equal treatment

During their stay, they should be treated as nationals of the country, notably as regards access to employment, pay, benefits facilitating access to work, enrolment in schools etc.

Some EU countries may decide not to give students and their families a maintenance grant for studies until they qualify for permanent residence.

Request to leave / expulsion

Your spouse and (grand)children may live in another EU country as long as they continue to meet the conditions for residence. If they no longer do so, the national authorities may require them to leave.

In exceptional cases, your new country can decide to expel them on grounds of public policy or public security but only if it can prove they represent a very serious threat.

The expulsion decision or request to leave must be given to them in writing. They must state all the grounds, and specify how they can appeal and by when.

Permanent residence

As EU nationals, your spouse and (grand) children can acquire the automatic right of permanent residence if they have lived legally in the other country for 5 years continuously, under the same conditions that apply to you.

This means that they can stay there as long as they want – even if they don't work or need income support. They should enjoy the same rights, benefits and advantages as nationals.

Find out how to have a permanent residence document issued to certify their right to stay unconditionally.

Still need help?

Still need help?

Haven't found the information you need? Do you have a problem to solve?

Get advice on your EU rights

Solve problems with a public body

Footnote

or a national of Iceland, Liechtenstein or Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 27 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 27 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

or a national of Iceland, Liechtenstein or Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 27 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 27 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.