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Updated : 13/09/2016

living-abroad

Students - residence rights

You have the right to live in the EU country where you are studying for the duration of your studies if you:

  • are enrolled in an approved educational establishment
  • have sufficient income, from any source, to live without needing income support
  • have comprehensive health insurance cover there.

Staying abroad for up to 3 months

Have your national identity card (ID) or passport readily available

As an EU national, the only requirement to stay in another EU country for less than 3 months is to hold a valid national identity card or passport.

In many EU countries you need to carry an identity card or passport with you at all times.

In these countries, you could be fined or temporarily detained if you leave these documents at home - but you cannot be forced to return to your home country for this reason alone.

Check if you have to carry an ID or passport with you at all times in your host country:

Report your presence

Some EU countries require you to report your presence to the relevant authorities within a reasonable period of time after arrival. They may impose a penalty, such as a fine, if you fail to do so.

Find out more on reporting your presence .

Deportation

In exceptional cases, your host country can deport you on grounds of public policy, public security or public health - but only if it can prove you represent a serious threat.

The deportation decision must be given to you in writing. It must state all the reasons for your deportation and specify how you can appeal and by when.

Staying abroad for more than 3 months

You have the right to live in the EU country where you are studying for the duration of your studies if you:

  • are enrolled in an approved educational establishment
  • have sufficient income, from any source, to live without needing income support
  • have comprehensive health insurance cover there.

National authorities may not require your income to be above the level that would qualify you for basic income support.

You could lose your right to stay in the country if you finish your studies and cannot prove you are working or have sufficient resources to support yourself.

Register your residence

During the first 3 months of your stay, your host country cannot require you to register your residence. You can do so if you wish.

After 3 months, your host country may require you to register your residence with local authorities, to show that you meet the conditions to stay as a student, and obtain a document confirming your right to stay.

Find out how to register your residence abroad .

Request to leave and deportation

You may live in the other EU country as long as you continue to meet the conditions for residence. If you no longer meet these requirements, the national authorities may require you to leave.

In exceptional cases, your host country can deport you on grounds of public policy or public security - but only if it can prove you represent a serious threat.

The deportation decision or the request to leave must be given to you in writing. It must state the reasons for your deportation, and specify how you can appeal and by when.

Permanent residence

If you have lived legally, meeting the conditions to stay as a student in another EU country for a continuous period of 5 years you automatically acquire the right of permanent residence there. This means that you can stay in the country as long as you want.

Your continuity of residence is not affected by:

  • temporary absences (less than 6 months per year)
  • longer absences for compulsory military service
  • one absence of 12 consecutive months, for important reasons such as pregnancy and childbirth, serious illness, work, vocational training or a posting to another country.

You can lose your right to permanent residence if you live outside the country for more than 2 consecutive years.

Permanent residence document

Find out how to get a permanent residence document : it will certify your right to stay in your host country unconditionally.

Deportation

In exceptional cases, the country where you live permanently can decide to deport you on grounds of public policy or public security but only if it can prove you represent a very serious threat.

The deportation decision must be given to you in writing. It must state all the reasons, for your deportation, and specify how you can appeal and by when.

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In this case, the 28 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

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or a national of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

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In this case, the 28 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 28 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.