Navigation path

Share on 
	Share on Facebook
  
	Tweet it
  
	Share on google+
  
	Share on linkedIn
  
    
      E-mail
Set page to normal font sizeIncrease font size by 200 percentBookmark this pageChoose high-contrast version

Finland

Competing fairly

Updated 10/2012

Legal requirements

Finland's national competition policy is based on the Competition Act. This act allows Finnish authorities to intervene in cases where competition is being hampered.

The mission of the Finnish Competition Authority is to safeguard healthy, active economic competition and to increase the efficiency of the economy, both in private and in public trade. The Authority operates under the auspices of the Ministry of Employment and the Economy (TEM).

The objective of competition policy is for markets to operate efficiently and for businesses to compete. In implementing competition policy, the benefits to consumers in particular are taken into account, and freedom to trade is also safeguarded.

The Market Court Act supplements the Act on Competition Restrictions.

Anti-trust

Agreements

Horizontal competition restrictions means agreements and procedures between players in the production and distribution channels, or between competing traders, that restrict competition between companies.

Such agreements between traders, decisions to merge traders and standardised procedures by traders, the aim of which is clearly to prevent, restrict or distort competition or which lead to competition clearly being prevented, restricted or distorted, are prohibited under Section 5 of the Competition Act.

Abuse of dominant position

Abuse of a dominant market position is prohibited, both under Section 7 of the Competition Act and Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

The provisions mentioned have uniform content and are interpreted in the same way, so that from the perspective of traders there is no difference which regulation is applied.

Other types of unfair competition

Vertical agreements are different agreements between players in the production and distribution channels, which relate to the purchase and sale of certain goods or services. Typical vertical agreements include distribution agreements between manufacturers and wholesalers or retailers.

There may be a competition restriction if the agreement contains restrictions on the supplier or buyer. Vertical restrictions may be divided into four groups: defining a trademark, restricting distribution, setting the retail price and division of markets.

In addition to the competition restrictions achieved by companies, market activity may also be restricted by different Acts, Decrees, official regulations or the activities of the authorities.

Consumer protection

Consumer Agency Ombudsman aims at enhancing functionality of the consumer market. Its website offers information, for example, on marketing, price labelling and product safety and contractual terms.

National competition authorities

The Competition Policy Group, within the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, is responsible for preparing competition law and, where necessary, for setting an official stance.

The Finnish Competition Authority monitors competition and handles individual infringement cases.

Strict provisions govern company mergers

Administrative procedures

Litigation

A company may appeal under the Competition Act in order to gain protection from prohibited competition restrictions applied by its trading partners.

Resources

Consumer Agency Ombudsman's website provides an info bank for companies operating in the consumer market. This enables companies to ensure the legality of their operations, as well as develop their activities, while ensuring the customer's trust. The Consumer Agency Ombudsman may be contacted in consumer trade and marketing related issues, and the National Consumer Agency should be contacted in possible disputes between companies and consumers.

Enterprise Finland has information about consumer protection in online trading.

Help & advice

Help & advice

E-mail a business organisation near you

The EU runs a network (Enterprise Europe Network) of local business organisations in most European countries that may be able to help you.

Choose your country and town and enter your enquiry below.

Country

Austria

Feldkirch

Graz

Innsbruck

Klagenfurt

Linz

Salzburg

Wien

Belgium

Antwerpen

Arlon

Brugge

Brussels

Charleroi

Gent

Hasselt

Leuven

Libramont

Liège

Mons

Namur

Nivelles

Bulgaria

Dobrich

Plovidiv

Ruse

Sandanski

Sofia

Stara Zagora

Vratsa

Yambol

Croatia

Osijek

Rijeka

Split

Varazdin

Zagreb

Cyprus

Nicosia

Czech Republic

Brno

Brno

Liberec

Ostrava

Ostrava

Pardubice

Plzen

Praha

Usti nad Labem

Denmark

Aalborg

Copenhagen

Herning

Kolding

Næstved

Viborg

Estonia

Tallinn

Finland

Helsinki

Oulu

Tampere

Turku

Vantaa

France

Amiens

Annecy

Aulnat

Besançon

Bordeaux

Bourg en Bresse

Caen

Cayenne

Chalons-en-Champagne

Chambéry

Dijon

Fort-de-France

Grenoble

Lille

Limoges

Lyon

Marseille

Marseille

Montpellier

Montpellier

Nancy

Nantes

Orléans

Paris

Pointe-à-Pitre

Poitiers

Privas

Rennes

Rouen

Saint-Denis

Saint-Etienne

Strasbourg

Toulouse

Valence

Germany

Berlin

Bremen

Bremenhaven

Chemnitz

Dresden

Düsseldorf

Erfurt

Frankfurt/Oder

Freiburg

Hamburg

Hannover

Kaiserslautern

Kiel

Konstanz

Leipzig

Magdeburg

Mannheim

Mülheim an der Ruhr

München

Potsdam

Reutlingen

Rostock

Saabrücken

Stuttgart

Trier

Ulm

Villingen-Schwenningen

Wiesbaden

Greece

Athens

Heraklion

Ioannina

Kavala

Kozani

Thessaloniki

Tripolis

Volos

Hungary

Budapest

Debrecen

Eger

Győr

Miskolc

Nyíregyháza

Pécs

Szeged

Székesfehérvár

Zalaegerszeg

Ireland

Dublin

Italy

Abruzzo

Aosta

Apulia

Ascoli Piceno

Basilicata

Bologna

Bologna

Cagliari

Calabria

Calabria

Campania

Catania

Florence

Genova

Gorizia

Milano

Molise

Naples

Palermo

Palermo

Perugia

Pesaro

Pisa

Pordenone

Ravenna

Rome

Rovereto

Sassari

Sicily

Terni

Torino

Trieste

Udine

Venezia

Venezia

Venezia

Latvia

Riga

Lithuania

Kaunas

Klaipėda

Vilnius

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Malta

Pieta`

Netherlands

Den Haag

Nieuwegein

Norway

Ås

Oslo

Stavanger

Tromsø

Poland

Bialystok

Gdańsk

Kalisz

Katowice

Kielce

Konin

Kraków

Lublin

Lublin

Olsztyn

Opole

Poznań

Rzeszów

Szczawno-Zdrój

Szczecin

Toruń

Warsaw

Warsaw

Warsaw

Wroclaw

Zielona Góra

Łódź

Portugal

Aveiro

Braga

Coimbra

Évora

Faro

Funchal

Lisboa

Ponta Delgada

Porto

Romania

Arad

Bacau

Bucuresti

Cluj-Napoca

Constanta

Craiova

Galati

Iasi

Ramnicu Valcea

Timișoara

Slovakia

Bratislava

Prešov

Slovenia

Koper

Ljubljana

Maribor

Spain

Albacete

Alicante

Badajoz

Barcelona

Bilbao

Ciudad Real

Donostia- San Sebastian

Ferrol

Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

Llanera

Logroño

Madrid

Murcia

Oviedo

Palma

Pamplona

Paterna (Valencia)

Santa Cruz de Tenerife

Santander

Santiago de Compostela

Sevilla

Toledo

Valencia

Valladolid

Vitoria- Gazteiz

Zaragoza

Sweden

Borlänge

Göteborg

Jönköping

Kramfors

Luleå

Malmö

Örebro

Östersund

Stockholm

Umeå

Västerås

Växjö

United Kingdom

Belfast

Bristol

Cambridge

Cardiff

Coventry

Inverness

London

Manchester

Newcastle

Yorkshire and Humber

Enter your message here

* required field (you must enter data here)