Updated 04. 2010
Legal entities, business owners and natural persons who are asked to provide data for statistical surveys have a duty under the Statistics Act to provide the data requested in accordance with the Programme of State Statistical Surveys fully, honestly, within the stipulated deadlines and free of charge.
The Statistical Office performs statistical surveys for the purpose of assessing economic and social conditions and developments in Slovakia. It produces and publishes state statistics and coordinates statistical work on the basis of the Statistics Act and other legislation.
The office is managed by a chairman who holds the post for five years. The Council of Statistics acts as the permanent professional advisory body of the chairman of the office for the area of state statistics.
Types of statistics
Statistical surveys are regulated under survey programmes, which operate for three-year periods.
The Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, the Ministry and government organisations have a legal obligation to protect the confidential and personal data of respondents from misuse.
The main statistical areas are macroeconomic, business and social statistics and demographics, collective analyses and information, voting statistics and so on:
All businesses are listed in the Companies' Register, which is administered by the Statistical Office. An identification number (IČO) is allocated to each business, in order to simplify identification.
The following three registers apply to business owners - whether they are legal entities or natural persons:
- Register of Organisations - a list of legal entities and natural persons,
- Agricultural Register- legal entities and natural persons engaged in agricultural production,
- Register of Accommodation Facilities - a list of accommodation facilities offering people temporary accommodation; used for tourism-related statistical surveys,
In certain cases, such as the dissolution of a business, where there is a successor to the assets, liabilities, rights and obligations, the reporting entity must notify the authorities that conduct statistical surveys on the successor business.
Bodies conducting state statistics are obliged to send forms and/or data carriers to reporting units free of charge and to provide them with the practical assistance required for the purposes of performing statistical surveys.
Under the terms of the Statistics Act, any business or individual required to submit data for national surveys must provide full, correct data as required under the Programme of State Statistical Surveys.
The Statistical Office may require data on:
- individuals as taxpayers,
- businesses as taxpayers,
- income, tax declared, tax paid, tax base reductions and irrecoverable tax dues (summary data only for these),
- customs declarations,
- health insurance and pension schemes,
- mandatory health insurance.