Statistics Norway (SSB) bears the main responsibility for drawing up the official statistics in Norway. The activities of Statistics Norway are regulated by the Statistics Act.
SSB is the central institution in Norway for collecting, processing and distributing official statistics. SSB can determine what is to be an official statistic and is responsible for coordinating all official statistics in Norway.
SSB strives to make the reporting burden as light as possible, by switching from the direct collection of returns via forms to the use of public registers, offering electronic reporting facilities, improving the questionnaires and coordinating the selection of people/businesses to be surveyed.
Types of statistics
It should be clear from the form and guidance material whether a form comes from a public authority that one is obliged to reply to. It should also make clear which Act lays down the obligation to reply and the consequences of failing to do so.
Most statistical forms from public authorities come from SSB. Anyone who does not reply to such a survey in time may have a pay an overrun penalty.
Statistics and analyses are obtainable free of charge from SSB. The statistics may be freely used by anyone, provided that SSB is acknowledged as the source.
Provision of statistics
The surveys conducted vary from year to year, and many forms are only sent to a small selection of enterprises in one industry or in the area the statistics are intended to say something about.
The intention is that an enterprise should not have to provide the same information to multiple State institutions. That is why SSB has access to public administrative registers, so the base data can be obtained directly from these. Wherever possible, SSB tries not to ask about the same things several times over.