The collection, processing and use of statistical data is regulated by the Statistics Act (ZS).
The main statistical bodies are the National Statistical Institute and the respective sections of ministries, departments and other central and regional government bodies collecting statistics.
Types of statistics
The National Statistical System comprises of the National Statistical Institute, statistical bodies and the Bulgarian National Bank. The Bulgarian National Bank draws up the balance of payments and keeps monetary and interest-rate statistics, as well as figures on the country's finances.
Mandatory national statistics
Company managers must submit reliable data to statistical bodies about all company, branch, department and section activities.
This data is used for research on mandatory participation conducted by the National Statistical Research Programme. Every year, the Council of Ministers verifies this programme at the recommendation of the Head of the National Statistics Institute, and publishes it in the State Gazette.
The programme includes:
- regular statistical research into keys areas of social importance;
- other statistical research for set periods, including population censuses and economic surveys, research into specific issues and statistical studies of international obligations undertaken by Bulgaria.
Personal data collected through surveys remain confidential and can only be used for statistical purposes.
Statistics on goods traded within the EU are regulated by the Statistics on Goods Traded within the EU Act (ZSVTS).
Persons required to provide declarations via the Intrastat system include operators registered under the VAT Act (ZDDS), who conduct trade in goods within the EU at annual volumes above the declaration thresholds referred to in Article 18(1), separately for each trade flow – dispatches or arrivals.
The National Revenue Agency has set up and maintains a register of Intrastat operators, including the authorised persons subject to Article 16(1).
Mandatory national statistics
As part of your duties to submit statistical data, you must also provide an annual activity report with statistical reviews and accounting documents.
If you do not submit the data within the set time, refuse to submit the data to the statistical bodies or provide incorrect information, you may be fined between BGN 200 and 2 000. For a second infringement, fines range from BGN 2 000 to 6 000.
Annual reports may be submitted to the National Statistical Institute by e-mail. To do so, simply fill in the relevant online forms.
Intrastat operators shall submit Intrastat declarations and all other necessary documents online, signed with a universal e-signature. If they are technically unable to do this according to Article 19(1) of Regulation 4 on the implementation of the Intrastat system, operators or their authorised representatives must submit the returns on an electronic medium, together with a cover letter explaining the technical problem.
Intrastat operators must submit Intrastat declarations by the 10th of the month following the relevant period.