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Romania

Staff

Updated 09/2013

Legal requirements

Employers' obligations towards employees are mainly governed by the Constitution (Article 41), the Codul Muncii (Labour Code), Resolution no 500/2011 on the general register of employee records, Law 62/2011 on social dialogue, and the Law on occupational health and safety.

Employment conditions

Employers are obliged to provide the following:

  • national minimum wage;
  • weekly rest periods and paid leave;
  • rotating work shifts appropriate to the type of work, averaging eight hours per day;
  • labour equality between men and women;
  • the right to engage in collective negotiations;
  • creating and maintaining a general register of employee records;
  • supplying, upon request, all documents that certify the employees' qualifications.

Employment contracts

The Romanian Labour Code makes provision for different types of work contracts:

  • permanent contract
  • fixed-term contract (maximum 36 months)
  • temporary employment contract
  • individual part-time work contract
  • individual work-at-home contract
  • on-the-job apprenticeship contract

For full-time employees, the normal complete duration of working time is 8 hours a day and 40 hours a week. For young people up to 18 years of age, the working time duration is 6 hours a day and 30 hours a week. The maximum legal working duration may not exceed 48 hours a week, including overtime.

There are minimum social rules to follow, especially about non-discrimination, gender equality and health and safety.

Administrative procedures

Concluding and ending an employment contract

The individual employment contract is concluded based on the parties consent, in writing, in Romanian. The employer is responsible for concluding the written individual employment contract. The contract must be in writing in order to be validly concluded.

Before starting the activity, the individual employment contract is registered in the general register of employee records, which is sent to the territorial labour inspectorate.

The individual employment contract may end as follows:

a) de jure;

b) as a result of the parties' agreement, on the date agreed by them;

c) as a result of one party's unilateral wish, within the boundaries of the situations and conditions provided by the law.

  • Creating and sending the register of employee records

o    Each employer has the obligation to create and send to the territorial labour inspectorate a general register of employee records and to show this register to the labour inspectors at the latter's request.

o    The general register of employee records is created in electronic format.

Employers must also:

  • request an operation authorisation from the point of view of occupational health and safety at the Trade Register Office or, as the case may be, at the Territorial Labour Inspectorates.

Social security contributions

The Casa Naţională de Asigurări de Sănătate, CNAS (National Health Insurance Fund) provides online access to social health insurance forms.

Sample employer affidavits/certificates/contracts that may be useful to employers:

Work permits for foreign citizens

To employ a foreign citizen, an employer must ask the Oficiul Român pentru Imigrări (Romanian Immigration Office) to issue a work permit.

Dismissal

Dismissal must occur in accordance with the rules stipulated in art. 58-74 of the Labour Code.

Resources

The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection, and Elderly People monitors the way in which the principle of equal treatment for women and men is applied in terms of access to jobs, professional development, promotions and working conditions. Detailed information on this subject is provided on the agency's website.

The Agenţia Europeană pentru Securitate şi Sănătate în Muncă pentru România (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work for Romania) provides guidelines in accordance with European legislation to enable assessment of workplace risks. It also monitors implementation of best practice to reduce the exposure of workers and other persons to risks and avoid the replacement of certain risks with other risks.

EURES, the European job portal, offers employers information and support on recruiting across the EU. As well as assisting jobseekers, it helps entrepreneurs find workers from across the EU. In border regions, EURES provides information on cross-border commuting and helps workers and employers with problems that may arise.

Programmes

The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Protection, and Elderly People has adopted the Annual Framework Action and Inspection Programme. This programme focuses on a number of actions relating to European campaigns, national campaigns, safety and health at work, labour relations, social assistance, as well as social inclusion and professional development.

Help & advice

Help & advice

E-mail a business organisation near you

The EU runs a network (Enterprise Europe Network) of local business organisations in most European countries that may be able to help you.

Choose your country and town and enter your enquiry below.

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