Navigation path

Share on 
	Share on Facebook
  
	Tweet it
  
	Share on google+
  
	Share on linkedIn
  
    
      E-mail
Set page to normal font sizeIncrease font size by 200 percentBookmark this pageChoose high-contrast version

Estonia

Staff

Updated 07/2012

Legal requirements

Working conditions

The employee-employer relations are regulated by the Employment Contracts Act.

The standard working time is 8 hours a day or 40 hours a week.

The standard length of annual holidays is 28 calendar days. Representatives of certain professions, such as teachers and miners, are entitled to longer holidays.

Employment contracts

Under an employment contract, the employee undertakes to work according to instructions given. In return, the employer agrees to pay wages for this work. Both undertake to abide by the agreement between the parties, a collective employment contract, and the working conditions specified by a legal or an administrative act.

In case, between the employee and the employer, there occurs an individual labour dispute, the procedure and conditions for the settlement can be found within the Individual Labour Dispute Resolution Act.

Employing foreigners

For an employee posted in Estonia, the working conditions are regulated by the Working Conditions of Workers Posted in Estonia Act. A posted worker is an individual who usually works abroad under an employment contract and who is posted for a fixed period of time by their employer.

There are minimum social rules to follow, especially about non-discrimination, gender equality and health and safety.

Administrative procedures

Commencement and termination of employment

An employment contract is concluded in writing in two copies: one for the employee, the other for the employer. If the work is for less than two weeks, an employment contract may be entered into orally.

Social security contributions

On the salary, an employer is required to pay social tax and unemployment insurance premiums and withhold mandatory funded pension contributions.

Sole proprietors pay social tax on their business income, as well as payments in advance.

Income tax refunds

The Tax and Customs Board refunds overpaid income tax on the basis of an income tax return for resident natural persons (due date 31 March). European Economic Area Member State residents who received at least 75% of their taxable income from Estonia may submit an income tax return for resident natural persons for deductions to be made.

In order to avoid double taxation, transnational agreements may apply immediately upon payment if residency of the recipient in the state which has entered into an international agreement with Estonia has been proven. Possible overpayments shall be refunded on the basis of an application.

Work permits for foreign workers

Foreigners must have a work permit to work in Estonia. These are granted by the Police and Border Guard Board.

Any citizen of the European Union has the right to work in Estonia for three months after entering the country or if they have the right of residence (no work permit is required). A family member of a citizen of the European Union may work in Estonia only if they have the right of residence (no work permit is required).

Dismissal

In order to settle an individual labour dispute, an employee and employer may approach the Labour Dispute Committee or Court.

Resources

EURES, the European job portal, offers employers information and support on recruiting across the EU. As well as assisting jobseekers, it helps entrepreneurs find workers from across the EU. In border regions, EURES provides information on cross-border commuting and helps workers and employers with problems that may arise.

Help & advice

Help & advice

From the Labour Inspectorate, it is possible to acquire information about employment contracts, working and rest time, wages, holidays, the work environment, and collective employment relations over the phone. In the case of more complicated matters it is recommended to contact the lawyer of the Labour Inspectorate.

SOLVIT helps businesses deal with problems that arise when national authorities wrongly apply EU market rules.

E-mail a business organisation near you

The EU runs a network (Enterprise Europe Network) of local business organisations in most European countries that may be able to help you.

Choose your country and town and enter your enquiry below.

Country

Austria

Feldkirch

Graz

Innsbruck

Klagenfurt

Linz

Salzburg

Wien

Belgium

Antwerpen

Arlon

Brugge

Brussels

Charleroi

Gent

Hasselt

Leuven

Libramont

Liège

Mons

Namur

Nivelles

Bulgaria

Dobrich

Plovidiv

Ruse

Sandanski

Sofia

Sofia

Stara Zagora

Vratsa

Yambol

Croatia

Osijek

Rijeka

Split

Varazdin

Zagreb

Cyprus

Nicosia

Czech Republic

Brno

Liberec

Ostrava

Ostrava

Pardubice

Plzen

Praha

Usti nad Labem

Denmark

Aalborg

Copenhagen

Herning

Kolding

Viborg

Estonia

Tallinn

Finland

Helsinki

Oulu

Tampere

Turku

Vantaa

France

Amiens

Annecy

Aulnat

Besançon

Bordeaux

Bourg en Bresse

Caen

Cayenne

Chalons-en-Champagne

Chambéry

Dijon

Fort-de-France

Grenoble

Lille

Limoges

Lyon

Marseille

Marseille

Marseille

Montpellier

Montpellier

Nancy

Nantes

Orléans

Paris

Pointe-à-Pitre

Poitiers

Privas

Rennes

Rouen

Saint-Denis

Saint-Etienne

Strasbourg

Toulouse

Valence

Germany

Berlin

Bremen

Bremenhaven

Chemnitz

Dresden

Düsseldorf

Erfurt

Frankfurt/Oder

Freiburg

Hamburg

Hannover

Kaiserslautern

Kiel

Konstanz

Leipzig

Magdeburg

Mannheim

Mülheim an der Ruhr

München

Potsdam

Reutlingen

Rostock

Saabrücken

Stuttgart

Trier

Ulm

Villingen-Schwenningen

Wiesbaden

Greece

Athens

Heraklion

Ioannina

Kavala

Kozani

Thessaloniki

Tripolis

Volos

Hungary

Budapest

Debrecen

Győr

Nyíregyháza

Pécs

Szeged

Székesfehérvár

Zalaegerszeg

Ireland

Dublin

Italy

Abruzzo

Aosta

Apulia

Apulia

Ascoli Piceno

Basilicata

Bologna

Bologna

Cagliari

Calabria

Calabria

Campania

Catania

Catania

Florence

Genova

Gorizia

Milano

Milano

Milano

Molise

Naples

Naples

Palermo

Palermo

Perugia

Pesaro

Pordenone

Ravenna

Rome

Rovereto

Sassari

Sicily

Terni

Torino

Torino

Torino

Trieste

Trieste

Udine

Venezia

Venezia

Venezia

Latvia

Riga

Lithuania

Kaunas

Klaipėda

Vilnius

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Malta

Pieta`

Netherlands

Den Haag

Nieuwegein

Norway

Ås

Oslo

Stavanger

Tromsø

Poland

Bialystok

Gdańsk

Kalisz

Katowice

Kielce

Konin

Kraków

Lublin

Lublin

Olsztyn

Opole

Poznań

Rzeszów

Szczawno-Zdrój

Szczecin

Szczecin

Toruń

Warsaw

Warsaw

Wroclaw

Zielona Góra

Łódź

Portugal

Aveiro

Braga

Coimbra

Évora

Faro

Funchal

Lisboa

Ponta Delgada

Porto

Romania

Arad

Bacau

Bucuresti

Cluj-Napoca

Constanta

Craiova

Galati

Iasi

Ramnicu Valcea

Timișoara

Slovakia

Bratislava

Prešov

Slovenia

Koper

Ljubljana

Maribor

Spain

Albacete

Alicante

Badajoz

Barcelona

Bilbao

Bilbao

Ciudad Real

Donostia- San Sebastian

Ferrol

Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

Llanera

Logroño

Madrid

Murcia

Oviedo

Palma

Pamplona

Paterna (Valencia)

Santa Cruz de Tenerife

Santander

Santiago de Compostela

Sevilla

Toledo

Valencia

Valladolid

Vitoria- Gazteiz

Zaragoza

Sweden

Borlänge

Göteborg

Jönköping

Kramfors

Luleå

Malmö

Örebro

Östersund

Stockholm

Umeå

Västerås

Växjö

United Kingdom

Belfast

Bristol

Cambridge

Cardiff

Coventry

Inverness

London

Manchester

Newcastle

Yorkshire and Humber

Enter your message here

* required field (you must enter data here)