Mergers between companies are governed mainly by the Competition Act (Konkurrenslagen) and Competition Ordinance (Konkurrensförordningen).
Before one purchases a company, one needs to research how a possible merger (company concentration) can possibly influence the competition in the market.
The Swedish Competition Authority ensures competition is respected and regulations are followed.
The authority will conduct a competition test, to assess what impact a merger will have on competition and, if necessary, it will provide advice.
If it is considered detrimental to competition, a merger may be forbidden totally or partially.
A merger will be registered with the Swedish Competition Authority (Konkurrensverket) if the companies concerned jointly achieve an annual turnover in Sweden in excess of SEK 1 billion and at least two of the companies concerned each have an annual turnover in Sweden in excess of SEK 200 million.
Buying an existing company, with an already established structure, can be a good way of expanding your business.
A company should contact the Competition Authority if it intends to make an acquisition which may require prior investigation, to determine whether the merger has to be registered.
Changes in regard to ownership in a company must be reported to the Companies Registration Office (Bolagsverket) and the Swedish National Tax Board (Skatteverket).
This is done via the online services at
Information about double taxation and tax agreements for business owners is available from the Swedish National Tax Board.