A specific form of business association may be set up when a company is unable to carry out certain activities due to its size or its financial situation. This may be a cluster, network, alliance, holding, franchise or joint venture.
Types of collaboration
Clusters are sectoral associations of mutually interconnected companies, specialised suppliers and providers of services or companies that work in related fields.
Franchising is contractually based cooperation between independent business owners. It enables the franchisee to achieve greater growth rates as the parent organisation provides various services including training.
A strategic alliance is an organisational structure which helps maintain a common entrepreneurial activity by means of independent units - strategic partners. At the same time, each of the partners appears from the outside to be an autonomous business unit.
A joint venture involves the establishment of a new entrepreneurial entity, typically with a foreign partner. The founders must agree on common business activities, ownership, organisational structure and control of the entire venture.
A concern is an extensive and internally articulated grouping of businesses and companies, which is made up of independent businesses and companies within the concern that have legal personality while the concern as a whole does not have legal personality. A concern is managed by a parent company that has a controlling interest in the individual businesses and companies.
A holding is a whole grouping of businesses and companies linked together through mutual share ownership, with a holding company at its heart, i.e. a parent company which strategically directs and has a controlling interest in the other companies within the holding.
In the Czech Republic concerns and holdings are legally regulated under Section 66a of the Commercial Code, entitled Business Groupings.
A business network is a grouping of firms that are mutually linked in some way (e.g. specialised suppliers of certain services, firms in the same field,…) and that cooperate within the framework of the network. Such a network of firms brings certain specific advantages that may be used against firms that are outside the network.
New types of European business structure
The oldest multinational legal format is the European Economic Interest Grouping.
A European Joint Stock Company is the second form of multinational, regulated under standards of Community law that are directly applicable in the various Member States of the European Union.
The most recent form of multinational is the European Cooperative Society, also known as the European Cooperative.
Other options for expanding your business are taking over an existing one, merging with another company or opening a branch in another EU country.
Detailed information on registration for the individual types of cooperation is availabe on the following websites.
The Czech Trade Agency also administers a database of inquiries from abroad.
There is also an online database of current projects and tenders. The online database of investment opportunities is intended for companies who have decided on investments or acquisitions abroad.
On the website of the Kompass organisation it is possible to search databases of businesses and companies from all over the world:
The website of the Official Portal for Business and sectors also provides a list of electronic marketplaces, a list of online tenders and requests, and also a list of sectoral and professional organisations.
The website of the Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic publishes guidelines on international tax arrangements and agreements preventing double taxation.
The current agreements preventing double taxation are available on the website BusinessInfo.cz - the official portal for business and export.