Outside the EU
Slovenia has adopted the Common Commercial Policy with all its instruments and trade agreements with third-party countries – countries not members of the EU.
The Trade Act, which is applied to regulate the area of trading activities, lays down the provisions for the manner of and conditions for conducting trade in the national market and abroad, as well as the proper surveillance of the implementation of these provisions.
Slovenia has, as an EU member, taken over all its customs regulations and implemented them by a specific Act.
Exports of Goods
Customs services, in connection with exports, must examine and record the actual exports of declared goods. The certain types of sensitive goods are subject to the limitations, in particular dual-use goods which may be used for both civil and military purposes.
Imports of Goods
Slovenia has, as an EU member, taken over the Common Commercial Policy which is aimed at promoting trade as freely as possible, without measures which might limit or change the flow of trade.
The companies which import sub-products and component parts, originating from extra-EU markets, may exceptionally apply for absolute or partial relief from duty. To cover all the needs of manufacturing or processing companies, quotas may be allocated to such companies (limited quantities regarding the quantities available), and the rate of customs duty for those quotas will be reduced or free quotas will be allocated.
In accordance with the Regulation on exemption from import duites the import of goods from third-party countries is in certain exceptional cases entitled to full exemption from import duties. The most interesting cases of import, in the area of trading activities, refer to the import of capital goods and equipment when a taxable person has decided to transfer his/her business from a third-party country to Slovenia, and the import of fishing products from the territorial sea of a third-party country.
The Customs Administration of the Republic of Slovenia periodically publishes a list of anti-dumping and countervailing measures.
Exports and Imports of Services
Exports and imports of services are usually free. For the export of services from Slovenia, where a provider of services is a taxable person with a Slovenian ID for VAT and the recipient is a taxable person with a Member State's ID for VAT, the place of taxation is that Member State (VAT reverse charge); however, if a service-provider is a taxable person with a Slovenian ID for VAT, and the recipient of services is a foreign entity which is not a taxable person subject to VAT or does not appoint his tax representative, in accordance with the VAT Act the place of taxation is the location where the service-provider has his registered office (in this example, Slovenia).
National aid for exports
Exporters in Slovenia are not granted any direct aids for exports. The Ministry of the Economy first of all wants to provide better development opportunities and the accelerated growth of existing export enterprises, as well as to promote new innovative export-oriented enterprises.
Slovenian Enterprise Fund, which works within the Ministry, offers favourable financing to small and medium enterprises in the form of loans, guarantees, subsidies and capital investments.
The data on trade in goods between Slovenia and countries abroad are collected from two separated systems:
Intrastat iis the system for the statistical measurement of trade in goods between EU Member States, which is designed to conduct monthly surveys, and
Extrastat is the system which compiles statistics on the exchange of goods with non-EU countries (which uses customs declarations as the main source of data).
Statistical data are regulated by the National Statistics Act .
Exports of Goods
If the export of certain goods, software or technologies from Slovenia is subject to control, these goods cannot be legally exported without an appropriate export authorisation. An application for an export licence should be submitted to the Ministry of the Economy. All the necessary information relating to the licensing procedure and exporter obligations are collected in the Instruction Manual at the Ministry of the Economy.
Firstly, an application for issuing an export licence for dual-use goods and the statement on end-use should be submitted to the Ministry of the Economy.
An administrative tax in the amount of EUR 17.73 should be paid to the Ministry of the Economy; proof of payment should be enclosed with the application (the purpose of the payment is: "The issue of a licence for dual-use goods"). For the transfer of dual-use goods within the Community you should submit an Application for the issue of a licence .
The Application for relief from customs duty or granting a quota should be submitted in the Ministry of Economy.
The official form for the written customs declaration of goods within the standard procedure for entering the customs procedure or re-export is a customs document (EUL).
Imports of Goods
The system of quantitative limits is still used only for the imports of steel and, to a lesser extent, for textiles. The competent body for issuing documents which the importer needs for textiles and steel is the Customs Administration of the Republic of Slovenia.
The competent body for issuing the documents necessary for the import of textiles and steel products is the Customs Administration of the Republic of Slovenia. All applications for these documents should be sent to the TARIC Centre and quotas in the Customs office in Jesenice (TARIC – Integrated Tariff of the European Communities).
The Izvozno okno (Export Window) Web Portal offers information on world markets. The information is available free of charge on the website www.izvoznookno.si/ or by phone on the numbers published on the Portal.
The Public Agency of the Republic of Slovenia for Entrepreneurship and Foreign Investments (JAPTI) provides information on world markets. The information on the Agency website, or on the " Izvozno okno " (Export Window) Web Portal, or on one of phone numbers published on the Agency's websites, is available free of charge.
Information on the legal framework and special procedures is available on the Ministry of the Economy Website.
In addition to the issue of a craft permit and keeping a Business Register, The Chamber of Crafts and Small Businesses offers information about various possibilities for international cooperation and new possibilities for obtaining financial help.
Slovenian Enterprise Fund offers favourable financing to small and medium enterprises in the form of loans, guarantees, subsidies and capital investments.
A club known as the Business angels of Slovenia links up the best Slovenian businessmen who are prepared to invest in ambitious entrepreneurs at the beginning of their company's growth.