Outside the EU
The export of goods to other countries is regulated by the import regulations of those countries. Rules governing exports can be found on the following websites:
The import of goods into the EU, including Poland, is regulated by EU regulations (common customs tariffs, tariff measures, non-tariff measures and protective measures). Details of the trade measures the EU member states apply to goods from other countries can be found on the following websites:
State support for exports
There is a system of financial instruments to support exports in Poland, which covers:
Export credit insurance
The insurance of export credits and contracts covers damage caused by events defined as trade risks, political events and force majeure (including riots, revolutions, earthquakes, eruption of volcanoes, floods, etc.). The Export Credit Insurance Corporation offers government guarantees.
Interest subsidies for export credits
The programme of interest subsidies for export credits supports both exporters and importers who are involved in export transactions. The guaranteed fixed interest rate on export credits is the key benefit of the programme.
Guarantees and sureties for export support ventures
The state can provide guarantees and sureties for export support ventures provided that the credit is used to finance investment ventures aimed at developing export of goods and services.
The National Credit Guarantee Fund (KFPK) at Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego is one of the entities, which according to the Act, is authorised to provide guarantees and sureties.
The purpose of KFPK funds is to secure the repayment of bank credits and loans, and interests on these credits and loans, as well as to secure liabilities arising from the bonds guaranteed by Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego, which may be used to finance export contracts.
Each product leaving the EU customs territory through the Polish customs area is subject to standard customs clearance procedures, in which export declarations are used. Declarations comprise a SAD document (Single Administrative Document) and other necessary documents.
Companies that intend to import goods from countries outside the EU must submit the appropriate documents according to EU law (including a customs value declaration, certificate of origin, etc).
It should be remembered that the import of some goods (for example, steel) require additional permits.
All requirements concerning the documents stem from the EU regulations. All information on current duties and non-tariff measures on goods arriving from other countries can be found on the TARIC website.
The Foreign Markets section of the website of the Polish Chamber of Commerce provides information for businesses interested in selling goods and services outside Poland.
At the System of Support for Enterprise Innovativeness for Undertakings website maintained by the Polish Chamber of Commerce in the section entitled Advisory Services of the KIGNET Network you can find offers of advisory services of the regional chambers of commerce within the scope of entering foreign markets as well as developing and implementing an export development plan at a company etc.
The Exporter's Club offers practical information on legal regulations in force in countries outside the EU.
A substantial amount of valuable information on the conditions of trading with other countries, can be found on the handelUE.pl website of the Institute for Market, Consumption and Business Cycles Research.
Information is available on the Ministry of Economy website, in the Foreign Trade section, as well as on the website of the European Commission Directorate General for Trade, the section concerned with EU common commercial policy policy towards other countries. It also includes information on the current work of the World Trade Organization.
The Polish Ministry of Economy offers funds to promote exports under the EU's de minimis aid scheme, which covers:
- sector-specific promotional efforts,
- certification, promotional publications and export support ventures,
- ministry awards,
Support for companies operating in foreign markets is provided through financing from the Structural Funds allowing them to take part in international trade fairs, exhibitions and trade missions (under the Innovative Economy programme).
Support may be provided at a national and regional level as part of the Passport to Export Regional Operational Programme.
The statutory aim of the Polish Export Development Foundation is to support Polish exports outside the EU through public funding.
Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego offers loans and bonds, and supports campaigns aimed at supporting export by providing guarantees from the National Credit Guarantee Fund.