Outside the EU
The Dutch customs authorities check that importers and exporters comply with legislation on safety, health, economy and the environment (VGEM).
Imports and exports of certain goods between the Netherlands and non-EU countries are forbidden or permitted only under special conditions. Examples include:
- live animals and animal products;
- plants, flowers, vegetables and fruit;
- animal feed;
- radioactive substances and nuclear material;
- environmentally hazardous substances;
Most commonly, exports to many countries outside the EU require a certificate of origin, which formally states the country of origin of a particular product.
The EUR1 document is used in the case of countries with which the EU has concluded a trade agreement. This document grants lower import duties or even waives these entirely. A Certificate of Origin or EUR1 document may be requested from the Dutch Chamber of Commerce (KvK).
Government support for exports
Some Dutch entrepreneurs exporting goods abroad are eligible for export credit insurance (EKV). This enables them to reinsure their transactions with the Dutch government. Other risk coverage facilities are also available away from EKV cover.
You must declare to the customs authorities goods which you import from or export to a country outside the EU. The customs authorities will use your declaration as the basis for calculating any import or export levies.
Dutch customs authorities also check whether exports from outside the EU are legally compliant in terms of safety, health, economy and environment (VGEM).
Certain exported goods require an export licence.
Similarly, certain imported goods require an import licence.
Importing and exporting services
For information about the Netherlands from the World Trade Organisation (WTO), please visit:
Information from the Dutch government can be found on the Antwoordvoorbedrijven.nl website, which lists all the various relevant dos and don'ts, e.g. licences and requirements, laws and regulations, taxes and subsidies.
There are various subsidies and arrangements for businesses operating internationally.