Outside the EU
Exports and imports are regulated mainly by the Act on Economic Relations with Foreign Countries and the Act on State Support for Export Insurance and Finance.
State support for exports
The main strategic document on state support for Czech businesses is the Export Strategy.
State support for exports also includes the concept of priority countries for Czech exports, which is regarded as a useful instrument for effectively focusing the export support resources of the state.
When entering a new market, potential entrepreneurs should pay attention to the following: information on export opportunities, the representation of the home state in the given country, local economic situation, financial and tax sector, labour market, investment, employment opportunities, political orientation of the country, information on competitors and requirements regarding export products.
The foreign trade statistics include the activities of all businesses involved in exports and imports in the form of the trade in goods. The foreign trade information is sourced from data obtained by the customs authorities.
Data collection and primary checks are performed by the Customs Administration of the Czech Republic, while further processing, checks and the subsequent publication of data are performed by the Czech Statistical Office.
Since the Czech Republic joined the EU, the results have been produced by merging the data from two systems (Intrastat and Extrastat). Through Intrastat reports, data on trade with EU states is obtained directly from companies (recipients and shippers of goods) in relation to VAT data. For other countries the source of the data is customs declarations (unified administration documents).
Importers must perform a number of tasks in connection with imports of goods. "Import" means the entry of goods from third countries into the Community's customs regime. For the purposes of importing, "goods" are understood to mean all tangible goods and also electrical energy.
When importing goods it is first of all necessary to clear the goods properly through customs (to place the goods under the appropriate customs procedure) with the help of the Customs Authority and to pay the customs duties. All of the documents necessary for clearing the goods must be presented to the customs authority (e.g. an invoice confirming the purchase and price of the goods, certificates and licences where the goods are subject to prohibitions or restrictions, transport documents, certificates of origin) and a Customs Declaration filled out on a UAD (Unified Administration Document).
It is now possible (in most cases) to submit customs declarations electronically by exchanging structured data messages. This involves electronic communications between the computer systems of the various legal entities (importers) and the e-Dovoz system of the Czech Customs Administration via communications networks. The messages transmitted must conform to a pre-determined format and it must also be ensured that the identification of the sender is unambiguous and that the contents of the transmitted reports cannot be repudiated and cannot be edited. For the electronic communications it is necessary to have the Communication Parameters and a Customs Authority Electronic Communications Permit. Details of the electronic submission of customs declarations can be found on the website of the Customs Administration of the Czech Republic.
The actual terms and conditions of customs procedures are governed by EU customs regulations, in particular the Community Customs Code and the implementing legislation for the Community Customs Code. Customs duty is then assessed by the customs authority on the basis of the appropriate customs rate set out in the Common Customs Tariff of the EU, which varies for different types of goods.
The specific level of a customs tariff can be checked in the Common Customs Tariff of the EU on the website of the Customs Administration of the Czech Republic.
The MIT Licensing Authority is the unit of the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MIT) of the Czech Republic responsible for the management and performance of activities relating to the application of the licensing regime in the area of economic relations with foreign countries.
Companies considering expansion may access a database of global export opportunities.
The following governmental and non-governmental institutions and web portals offer further information and useful services related to doing business abroad and exporting products and services.
Export insurance is offered by the Export Guarantee and Insurance Company (EGAP).
Information on export duties is available on the website of the Customs Administration of the Czech Republic, or through the TARIC system.
On the pages of the Official Portal for Business and Exports useful information is available concerning imports and exports:
The protection of intellectual property (also from an international perspective) in handled in the Czech Republic by the Industrial Property Office.
Information on the protection of intellectual property is also provided by the Chamber of Commerce of the Czech Republic.
Information on commerce-related political measures:
Information on the foreign trade in services is available on:
State export support services, provided through the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the pro-export agency CzechTrade, the Czech Export Bank and the Export Guarantee and Insurance Company:
The Ministry of Industry and Trade sponsors a number of support projects for Czech exports and business abroad.
The trade and economic sections of Czech representations abroad deal with the support of national bodies and institutions when developing bilateral contacts, preparing national statements and background materials, submitting and exchanging information, lobbying when pursuing priority interests and developing economic cooperation.