Outside the EU - Czech Republic
Exports and imports are governed mainly by the Act on Economic Relations with Foreign Countries and the Act on State Support for Export Insurance and Finance.
State support for exports
The main strategic document on state support for Czech businesses is the Export Strategy.
State support for exports also includes the concept of priority countries for Czech exports, which is regarded as a useful instrument for effectively focusing the export support resources of the state.
When entering a new market, potential business owners should pay attention to the following: information on export opportunities, representation of the home state in the given country, local economic situation, financial and tax sector, labour market, investment, work opportunities, political orientation of the country, information on competitors and requirements regarding export products.
The foreign trade statistics include the activities of all businesses involved in exports and imports in the form of trade in goods. The source of information on foreign trade is data obtained by the customs authorities.
Collection and primary checks are performed by the Customs Administration of the Czech Republic, while further processing, checks and the subsequent publication of data are performed by the Czech Statistical Office.
Since the Czech Republic's accession to the EU results are produced by merging data from two systems (Intrastat and Extrastat). Through Intrastat reports, data on trade with EU states is obtained directly from companies (recipients and shippers of goods) in connection with VAT data. For other countries the source of the data is customs declarations (unified administrative documents).
Importers must perform a number of tasks in connection with the import of goods. "Import into the Czech Republic" is understood to mean the importation of goods from other countries to the Czech Republic. For the purposes of imports, "goods" are understood to mean all tangible goods and also electrical energy.
When importing goods it is first of all necessary to clear the goods properly through customs and to pay the customs duty. An invoice must be presented to the customs authority confirming the purchase and price of imported goods and a Customs Declaration must be filled in on a UAD (Unified Administrative Document) printed form.
The actual customs procedures are regulated by the Community Customs Code. Customs duty is then assessed by the customs authority on the basis of the customs rate set out in the Common Customs Tariff of the EU, which varies for different types of goods.
The specific level of customs duty can be checked in the Common Customs Tariff of the EU on the website of the Customs Administration of the Czech Republic.
The MIT Licensing Authority is the unit of the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MIT) of the Czech Republic responsible for the management and performance of activities relating to the application of the licensing regime in the area of economic relations with foreign countries.
Companies considering expansion may access a database of global export opportunities.
The following governmental and non-governmental institutions and web portals offer further information and useful services related to doing business abroad and exporting products and services.
Export insurance is offered by the Export Guarantee and Insurance Company (EGIC).
Information on export duties is available on the website of the Customs Administration of the Czech Republic, or through the TARIC system.
On the pages of the Official Portal for Business and Exports useful information is available concerning imports and exports:
The protection of intellectual property (also from an international perspective) in handled in the Czech Republic by the Industrial Property Office.
Information on the protection of intellectual property is also provided by the Chamber of Commerce of the Czech Republic.
Information on commerce-related political measures:
Information on the foreign trade in services is available on:
State export support services, provided through the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the pro-export agency CzechTrade, the Czech Export Bank and the Export Guarantee and Insurance Company:
The Ministry of Industry and Trade sponsors a number of support projects for Czech exports and business abroad.
The business-economic sections of Czech representations abroad deal with the support of national bodies and institutions when developing bilateral contacts, preparing national statements and background materials, submitting and exchanging information, lobbying when pursuing priority interests and developing economic cooperation.
Check also the legislation on this topic in: