To apply European sustainability principles and practices, in 2008 Romania drew up a new National Strategy for Sustainable Development, 2013-2020-2030. This strategy is the result of collaboration between the Government of Romania and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Corporate Social Responsibility
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is still a relatively new area for Romanian businesses.
The adoption of the National Strategy for the Promotion of Corporate Social Responsibility in November 2011 concerns a range of measures to facilitate the implementation of CSR, especially in public administration.
Corporate social responsibility encourages employers to take into consideration the interests of all parties, namely:
- shareholders or partners;
Corporate social responsibility also encourages the voluntary inclusion of social and environmental concerns as part of the strategy and policies of a firm.
While CSR has a direct impact on large companies, it can also be a strategic tool for increasing SME competitiveness.
In Romania, the ISO standards are adopted and publicised by the Asociaţia de Standardizare din România, ASRO (Romanian Standardisation Association) which, through its specialists, has a presence on the ISO's in the international technical committees.
The following standards are applied in Romania:
Standard ISO 26000 makes provision for the following:
- the provision of technical support for organisations interested in undertaking social responsibility efforts with regard to cultural, environmental, social and legal matters;
- orientation of organisational practices towards credible social responsibility.
Standard SA 8000 aims to improve working conditions on the basis of compliance with the principles of human rights conventions.
Standard ISO 9001 refers to quality management systems and aims to ensure customer satisfaction and compliant services and products.
Standard ISO 14001 demonstrates that a company's environmental management system has been tested and found to be compliant with the good practice standard.
Standard OHSAS 18001 presents the requirements of a management system that enables an organisation to manage its occupational health and safety risks and improve managerial performance.
OHSAS Standard 18001 establishes requirements for an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system that help organisations control their own OH&S risks and improve their OH&S performance.
The law requires businesses to comply with minimum social and environmental rules.
Certification of standards
Quality management standards
The certifying body for Standard ISO 9001 Quality management system is ASRO OC-SMC.
Environmental management standards
Standard ISO 14001 Environmental management system is certified by ASRO OC-SMM.
Occupational safety management standards
Certification of standard OHSAS 18001 Occupational health and safety management system is carried out by ASRO SMSSO-OC.
The programmes promoted by the MaiMultVerde (Greener) organisation focus on three strategic issues: clean air, education and voluntary work, and are financed from the social responsibility budgets of certain companies in Romania.
The CSR-Romania Programme promotes the idea of ethical management, in general, and the idea of corporate social responsibility, in particular, in the Romania market.