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Slovakia

Staff welfare

Updated 04. 2010

Legal requirements

The Slovak Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and the Family is responsible for employment relationships, employment, collective bargaining, wages and other work-related remuneration, social security, socio-legal protection of children and minors, family welfare and other areas of social policy. 

The main piece of employment law legislation in Slovakia is the Labour Code.

The Civil Code governs relationships between natural and legal persons, property relationships between these persons and the state, and also legal relationships for the protection of persons.

The Social Insurance Act defines the scope, legal relationships, organisation and financing of social insurance, as well as state supervision of the implementation of social insurance and proceedings in social insurance matters.

Non-discrimination, equal treatment and gender equality

Employees have rights arising from employment relationships free of any form of restriction and direct or indirect discrimination.

Individuals have the right to:

  • work and to a free choice of employment,
  • fair and satisfactory work conditions
  • protection from unemployment.

In employment law relationships, employers must treat employees in accordance with the principle of equal treatment.

Pay conditions must be agreed without any gender discrimination.

Non-discrimination, equal treatment and gender equality

Men and women are entitled to equal treatment when it comes to access to employment, pay, job and career opportunities, vocational training and working conditions. 

Occupational health and safety

The right of employees to health and safety at work is one of the basic principles of the Labour Code. Employers must apply the general principles of prevention when providing suitable work conditions.

In the interests of preventing industrial diseases, employers must provide recuperation breaks for employees who perform certain jobs.

Assessments of physical fitness for the performance of work are based on the results of medical examinations.

Occupational health and safety

The mission of the National Labour Inspectorates (NLI) is to promote the protection of employees at work and to carry out state administration in the area of labour standards inspections.

General principles of prevention and basic conditions for ensuring safety

and the protection of health at work and the exclusion of risks and factors causing injuries at work, industrial diseases and other risks to health at work, are set out in the Act on Occupational Health and Safety.

Labour law

Contract law

Employment law provides an integrated summary of legislative changes in the area of employment rights.

Employment law relationships

The basic principles of employer-employee relationships are specified by the Labour Code. This Act governs individual employment law relationships in connection with the employment of individuals by businesses or by other individuals, as well as collective employment law relationships.

Employment is based on a written employment contract signed by both the employer and the employee. It is drawn up in two copies, one of which is for the employee.

A collective agreement is a bilateral legal arrangement between the employer and representatives of the employees. A collective agreement may be concluded only for a fixed period. Claims arising from a collective agreement may be enforced by the courts.

Employers must provide employees with pay for the work performed. The pay must not be less than the minimum pay stipulated by the specific legislation.

Social security is a broad concept and includes legislation on social insurance and employment rights. The Slovak social security system includes:

  • social insurance
  • social assistance;
  • social support.

Employers must ensure that disabled employees have working conditions where they can apply and develop their skills.

Employment protection

Under the terms of the Labour Code, employers must make payments on behalf of employees for different types of insurance: 

  • health insurance,
  • old-age insurance,
  • social insurance,
  • accident insurance,
  • guarantee insurance,
  • unemployment insurance,
  • contributions to the Solidarity Reserve Fund.

Employers must ensure that disabled employees have working conditions where they can apply and develop their skills.

Litigation

Disputes between employees and employers over claims arising from employment law relationships, including breaches of the principle of equal treatment or breaches of conditions, are dealt with and decided by the Courts.

Mandatory social rules complete the requirements related to managing staff.

Businesses are free to go beyond the minimum social legal requirements at their own initiative.

Administrative procedures

Social insurance

You must meet certain tax obligations on behalf of your employees and pay contributions for different types of insurance, including health insurance.

The premiums vary according to the type of insurance. You must also comply with occupational health and safety regulations.

           Social funds are employer funds set up on behalf of employees.

Small-scale business owners operating as legal entities and employing at least one employee must set up a social fund.

Employers who only employ individuals on the basis of service performance agreements and/or temporary job agreements for students are not obliged to set up social funds.

Programmes

The European Social Fund (ESF) promotes employment, education and professional skills.

The ESF strategy will be implemented using two Operational Programmes over the period 2007-13:

Subsidies are also provided by the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and the Family to help improve social security services.

The Social Implementation Agency   and the  Social Development Fund are the intermediary bodies for the Operational Programme 'Employment and Social Inclusion'.

Help & advice

Help & advice

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