The Labour Code covers employee rights regarding health and safety in the workplace, discrimination, recruitment, dismissal, and employment contracts.
Non-discrimination, equal treatment and gender equality
The law on equal treatment stipulates that all discrimination based on religion or beliefs, disability, age, sexual orientation, race or ethnic group is prohibited.
Employees who are pregnant, breastfeeding or have given birth are entitled to many benefits, including:
- prenatal leave (8 weeks before the due date);
- postnatal leave (8 weeks after the birth, or 12 weeks for premature or multiple births or for breastfeeding);
- continuation of rights while an employee is pregnant;
- protection against dismissal with prior notice, except on grounds of gross misconduct;
Health and safety at work
Employers must take all the necessary steps to safeguard the safety and physical and psychological health of their workers, including: preventing risk, providing information, offering training, and setting up an organisation or carrying out action focused on employee health. They must also prepare a list of high-risk positions within the company.
Accident insurance is designed to cover individuals for the following: accidents in the workplace, accidents on the way to work and occupational ill health.
Business owners must ensure that job applicants undergo a medical examination. A periodic medical examination is also required for:
- employees working in a safety position (crane operator, driver of a heavy vehicle, etc.);
- workers in high-risk positions (exposure to chemical products, noise, etc.);
- workers under 21.
Normal working time is set at 8 hours a day or 40 hours a week.
Every employer is required to observe certain obligations relating to:
- the statutory minimum salary;
- the flexible salary scale;
- the law on equal treatment
- the remuneration matrix where there is a collective agreement.
Employers must safeguard the safety and health of their employees.
Mandatory social rules complete the requirements related to managing staff.
Businesses are free to go beyond the minimum social legal requirements at their own initiative.
Certain formalities, such as those linked to the secondment or recruitment of an employee, may be carried out at the Joint Social Security Centre.
You can use the one-stop shop to complete administrative procedures online, including the new employee declaration form.
Health and safety at work
You must send the Accident Insurance Association a declaration for any accident in the workplace or on the way to work.
Occupational ill health declaration
You must also send an occupational ill health declaration to the Accident Insurance Association if this occurs.
For each worker passing a medical examination, you must complete an employer's application and send it to the regional Multi-sector Occupational Health Service (STM).
When you recruit staff for the first time, you have to register within 8 days at the social security centre. The operating declaration is valid throughout the company's entire existence. The company also receives a certificate of affiliation with a registration number.
You must inform the Joint Social Security Centre on a monthly basis of the amount of time workers are unable to work.
The actions to be taken may vary according to the situation: whether the employee has an accident at work or on the way to work, has a serious accident or contracts a work-related illness. All procedures must be carried out with the Accident Insurance Association (AAA).
The Guichet entreprises business portal provides useful information for company directors.
The Ministry of Health provides company directors with questions and answers on medicine, hygiene and health, as well as information on legislation.
The Occupational Health Service for Industry website provides companies with advice, information files and relevant legal texts.
The Union of Medical Insurance Funds has information on preventive medicine and health insurance legislation.
The Occupational Health Association for the Financial Sector offers numerous services on health in the workplace: information, forms, legislation and training.
The Accident Insurance Association has a website providing information, legislation and statistics.